Giancarlo Valori, the new head of the P2, received in grand style in Livorno
|Intro: the P2, Cheque to Cheque, and Russian snuff scandals|
|Senza Soste article about Valori and the Why Not inquiry|
The following Senza Soste article has been translated from Italian because it provides quite an elaborate profile on Giancarlo Elia Valori, a person who doesn't have a Wikipedia page yet in English (probably next week he will). As a bonus, names of Valori's Italian associates are provided with biographies and an additional translation of a rare Dutch-Belgian article about the P7 Lodge and its connection to the P2 in Italy has also been included here in the right column.
These translations are part of ISGP's occasional work on Le Cercle. Valori is now known to have visited the Cercle around the same time that the Banco Ambrosiano, P2 Lodge, and Strategy of Tension scandals erupted in the early 1980s.  As ISGP already expected, more ties to these scandals would sooner or later be found within the ranks of Le Cercle - and here we have another example. Earlier key Cercle members Gulio Andreotti  and Carlo Pesenti II  could already be linked to these scandals. The same goes for some of the Cercle members from Belgium , where the closely-related P7 was active  and similar scandals have emerged since the late 1970s: Eurosystem Hospitalier, Pinon, the National Bureau for Drugs, the CCC Bombings, the Mirano, the Gang of Nijvel, the Haemers Gang, Maud Sarr, the ATLAS Dossier, the Dutroux X-Dossiers and all kinds of smaller and larger scandals related to them.
The P2 and P7 (and reported P1 and P3 lodges in France (or Europe-wide) and Madrid) were key elements in the CIA's Strategy of Tension. This involved the use of private fascist militias carrying out terrorist acts to be blamed on the communists. In addition, it's important to realize that the P2 wasn't really a lodge in the traditional sense. Members didn't meet and to a large extent weren't aware of each other's membership. Members basically offered information and services to Gelli and his backers - and in return their careers would flourish. Or those were the rumors that were floating around at the time among the Italian elite. 
The purpose of the P2 was simply to groom a criminal, right-wing elite that would resort to propaganda, terrorism, and coups to keep the extremely powerful communist and socialist elements in Italy out of power. The CIA, the Italian Christian Democrats, the major banks and multinationals, the Vatican, Europe's Opus Dei and Knights of Malta aristocracy revolving around Otto von Habsburg -- nobody was waiting for these communists and socialists to come to power, so the P2 was their answer, with the Americans ultimately in charge. The Cercle was one of the key places where all these elements came together. We even have Ted Shackley, the CIA's number one expert on weapons, drugs, coups and assassinations (including JFK), running Le Cercle to a very large extent. Unsurprisingly, Shackley was in direct contact with Licio Gelli, along with Alexander Haig and regular Cercle visitor Henry Kissinger. Gelli was also allowed to sit in the front row at the inauguration of President Ronald Reagan. 
In case of Valori, he ended up as a young recruit of Knight of Malta Umberto Ortolani at the Vatican, and in no time became secretary general of the newly-founded Italian Institute of Foreign Relations (the Italian CFR), grew close to Argentine dictators, and became a right-hand of P2 head Licio Gelli.  Banco Ambrosiano head Robert Calvi considered Ortolani, who later resurfaced in rumors about the assassination on Olof Palme , higher in rank than Gelli , which might explain why Valori largely operated independently of Gelli and continued his ties to other P2 members, the Italian security services and American superclass members even after Gelli expelled him from the P2. 
To this day Valori, who has turned to radical Zionism, is meeting with persons as Henry Kissinger, Condoleezza Rice, Colin Powell, George Shultz, Abraham Foxman, Elie Wiesel, Edward Luttwak, Carlo de Benedetti, and other members of the superclass, people on the absolute inside of covert operations around the world. 
Is there such a thing as a new P2? That's hard to say. While the threat of West-European countries siding with Russia largely faded away, at least as long as natural resources are available, there's always a chance that countries turn "overly" socialist or communist and have to be corrected. More important maybe, these networks have always been criminal and it is more than likely that these associations remained. And the CIA would also most likely continue the association to run all kinds of operations through.
In case of Italy, as late as 1996 Licio Gelli's name came up in a new scandal described as "Death, drugs and diamonds in tale of global conspiracy." The facts that were being uncovered sounded a lot like a continuation of the P2 and P7 network and maybe even more so of the closely related "Nebuleuse" network, which has been described in detail by ISGP. The investigation even led to the mysterious suicide of a SISMI colonel:
"Last July a colonel in Italy's military intelligence service, Mario Ferraro, was found hanged from a bath rail by his dressing gown cord ... Ferraro, it turns out, was working to unravel a massive global traffic in arms, drugs, radioactive materials and gems. ... Among international figures wanted for questioning [is] Licio Gelli, the Grandmaster of the illegal Italian Masonic Lodge, P2. ... This motley crew is named in connection with trafficking everything from Kalashnikovs to plutonium, and recycling the profits through some surprising channels including the ... Vatican Bank. ... Colonel Ferraro almost certainly died because he knew too much. The magistrate in charge of the inquiry team, Alfredo Ormanni, believes they have reached a crucial stage by uncovering the core mechanism at the heart of the operation, code-named "Cheque to cheque" by Italian police." 
It seems like a scoop of epic proportions, but not a whole lot of important additional information could be found about the affair. It reminds one of a scandal in 2000 in which it was reported that a Russian-centered pedophile ring was exporting the most horrendous snuff videos to wealthy Italian clients. As could be expected, leading politicians and businessmen immediately covered up the scandal by firing journalists willing to bring out the raw evidence.  The information disappeared from the news in days. The Russian media, in fact, never even bothered to mention it.
Strangely, these seemingly separate scandals were both brought to the world by Torre Annunziata prosecutor Alfredo Ormanni , who certainly about the 2000 case was complaining of a cover up. The thing is, Torre Annunziata is a small city with 45,000 inhabitants at the foot of Mount Vesuvius. In essence it's a suburb of Naples. What are the chances that a prosecutor from this small city stands at the basis of these two enormous leaks? One can't help but wonder to what extent these scandals are linked. And looking at ISGP's articles as Beyond the Dutroux Affair and especially La Nebuleuse, there's a very good chance that these scandals might well be tied together somehow. Then again, beginning in 2002 Ormanni ended up in legal trouble himself over allegedly questionable investigative practices, so who knows, maybe he was actually corrupt or crazy. But what about those seemingly very real snuff films? Excerpts were broadcasted on television.
This actually reminds me of something else. There's a possibility that Licio Gelli has been involved at a high level in the extremely unknown and very esoteric Memphis Misraim freemasonry rite, along with the very questionable House of Savoy. This is also discussed in ISGP's Beyond the Dutroux Affair, going back to 2007.
At the very least we can say that there are strong indications that a lot is going on behind the scenes in Italy which we know nothing about. And if Licio Gelli continues to be involved in these kind of behind-the-scenes criminal activities, then what does that say about old associates as Andreotti or Valori? As the following article makes clear, in 2009 it was Valori's turn to resurface in a new criminal investigation. Unfortunately, much less information leaked out compared to 1996 and 2000.
Today a short article appeared in the news, on page 15 of the Tyrrhenian. Nothing flashy. The title is "A book of Valori explains the Shoah and its denial." The book's title is "Anti-Semitism, Holocaust denial. The great challenge of the Jewish world in the XXI century", published by Mondadori. The author [Giancarlo Valori] says: "I was a kid when my mother saved more than 120 Jews by hiding them in the tobacco warehouses that we had in the province of Venice, very close to the positions of the SS." The initiative, organized by the Jewish B’nai B’rith of Livorno, was attended by, among others, [2004-2014] mayor [Alessandro] Cosimi; the former mayor and candidate Gianfranco Lamberti; and president of Kutufa province and Partito Democratico senator Marco Filippi. They were even sent a video message by Israeli president Shimon Peres.
So far nothing unusual, except that Giancarlo Elia Valori has been labeled by judge [Luigi] De Magistris as "the head of the new P2." He is a person unknown to the public (before I looked into Argentine history of the 1970s I did not even know who he was) but someone even considers him "the most powerful man in Italy." He has an incredible past, and above all a disturbing present.
Let's tell the story. Then we make some concluding remarks.
Giancarlo Elia Valori was born in 1940 in the vicinity of San Dona di Piave (VE) from parents of Tuscan origin. The father had been a school friend of [Mussolini fascist and, post-WWII, five time prime minister] Amintore Fanfani  and this helped him once he graduated in Economics and Commerce and moved to Rome, where he entered Vatican circles [under alleged P2 leader and Knight of Malta Umberto Ortolani] and was named a "Knight of the Cape and Sword". In 1965 he joined the [monopolistic] RAI, chaired by [Fanfani's close friend] Ettore Bernabei  and enrolled in the Masons, although formally the Catholic faith and membership in the Masons is incompatible. Because of this he is ejected from the Romagnosi Lodge. His passion is international relations [and he will be secretary general of the Institute of International Affairs, Rome / Istituto Affari Internazionale (IAI) from the mid 1960s to at least the 1980s]. He will be introduced to Kim Il Sung [of North Korea], Nicolae Ceausescu and Juan Domingo Peron, then in exile in Madrid.
His brother Leo, who worked for the ENI in Argentina, presents to him former ex-president Arturo Frondizi, a Mason. He brings together Peron and Frondizi and ripens the conditions for the repatriation of [Juan] Peron. In November 1972 Peron returned to Argentina on a plane chartered by Valori.
Valori enrolled in the P2 (name card 283) and with Licio Gelli  he is one of the instigators of the reactionary right in the period of the new Argentine president Peron, in which they create the conditions for the military dictatorship of 1976-1983 [of Videla and the P2’s Admiral Emilio Eduardo Massera]. But Gelli, on the pretext of his frequent Vatican visits, expels Valori from the P2, to successfully become the main reference point for politicians in Buenos Aires.
Valori doesn’t mind that much and continues his frequent visits to the intelligence community and the underbelly of politics. He knows [SISMI head] General Santovito , also a P2 member; [P2 member] Mino Pecorelli , [the Banco Ambrosiano and Bologno bombing-linked] Francesco Pazienza  and other protagonists of the conspiracies in those years.
Because these ties are certainly not common among Italian managers and entrepreneurs, Valori is repeatedly called to testify in key investigations of the early 80s, those of the Rome prosecutors into the P2, of Judge Carlo Palermo into arms trafficking, of Rosario Priore’s report on his relations with the Arab countries, in the context of the investigation into the massacre of Ustica .
Due to his expertise he becomes chairman of Italstrade, part of the IRI [Instituto per la Riconstruzione Industriale], in 1976.
In 1981, when the P2 lists are discovered, Giancarlo Elia Valori is the only one who has been "expelled", so the investigation only touches him marginally. It is said that Tina Anselmi, president of the Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry [into the P2 Lodge], absolutely doesn’t want to talk about him: "I have nothing to say about that gentleman."
He becomes president of the SME [Societa Meridionale di Elettricita] (also part of the IRI) and when in 1984 [Romano] Prodi, chairman of the IRI [since 1982], does not re-nominate him over his past P2 involvement, Valori is nominated as president of the telephone company SIRTI, part of the STET company [also part of the IRI], chaired by another P2 member, Michele Principe.
According to various rumors he would have taken revenge against Prodi by bringing out the Nomisma scandal.
In 1987 Valori became president of GS Supermarket (SME Group), then in 1990, president of SME. In 1995, as president of Italstrade, which he will then leave for having reached the age limit.
Current activities of Valori
He is currently president of the Unione degli Industriali [Union of Industrialists] in Rome.
He is also president of T-Systems Italy, "the subsidiary of Deutsche Telekom Group focused on business clients." He was president of Blu, the consortium of telephone operators; and is honorary president of the Italian branch of the Chinese telecommunications giant, Huawei Technologies.
What's more, he also holds the presidency of Sviluppo Lazio, the holding company of all participating companies in the region, grown during the period of Francesco Storace to employ 4,300 people.
And he is vice president of IGI (Institute Large Infrastructure), in which capacity he is waving a sword for the construction of the bridge over the Straits of Messina.
The shareholders' meeting of Italintesa SpA awarded him the honorary presidency of the company. Among the shareholders are the American political scientist Edward Luttwak , a former consultant of Italintesa and regular columnist in the papers of the Gruppo Monti and Sicilian Gazzetta del Sud. Like Valori, Luttwak has a contiguous past involving the Atlantic powers that is more or less hidden. [Luttwak] was one of the founders and leaders of CSIS – the Center of Strategic and International Studies in Washington, linked to the CIA and Pentagon [and] known for developing intervention strategies alongside the US military and fascist regimes in Latin America and Europe.
Valori also chairs a "Fondazione per le Bioscienze" which in 2004 established a scientific cooperation pact of three, with the Universita Campus Bio-Medico of Opus Dei and the Israeli-French Weizmann Institute of Science France-Europe. A pact was drawn up in the presence of Francesco Cossiga , at the headquarters of Capitalia.
During his career as a top manager in large companies with a public majority share, Valori stood out in the policy of privatization and divestment of subsidiaries. As president of SME, for example, he sold its prestigious food brands Cirio-Bertolli-De Rica to a company in the hands of an unknown financier, Saverio Lamiranda, who soon resold it with unexpected profits to Lazio president Sergio Cragnotti and the multinational Unilever. …
Valori [also] finds time to get rid of the famous food chain distribution and motorway catering Autogrill - transferred to the Benetton family - [and soon] the former SME manager finds himself in the boardrooms of Autostrade SpA and the telephone consortium Blu. At the head of the car dealership, Valori convinces the government to reduce its presence and to yield part of the company shares to a consortium of businessmen headed by Benetton and [the billionaire] Franco Caltagirone, the publisher of Il Messaggero and head of construction firm Vianini, a partner of IGI [where Valori is vice president]. Also Caltagirone, like Benetton, will later enter the Blu consortium, led by Valori.
Valori in the investigation Why Not
The magistrate Luigi De Magistris, a former prosecutor in Catanzaro [and later mayor of Naples], [starting in 2007] conducted the investigation Why Not, beginning with a temporary employment agency [called Why Not] and eventually involving a consultant to the prime minister, Senator Giancarlo Pittelli of [Berlusconi's] Forza Italy; Antonio Saladino, former president of the Society of the works of Calabria; and even the then European Commission president Romano Prodi, together with - as you will remember - to [Prodi's former minister of justice] Clemente Mastella.
President Giorgio Napolitano  personally intervenes to crush the enterprising magistrate, and the investigation is canceled.
When in turn interrogated by other magistrates, Luigi De Magistris stated that in the Why Not investigation there would be:
"... the name cards of the new P2. ... The investigation Why Not involved the rebuilding of the influence of covert powers [...] in vital mechanisms of the republic's institutions. In particular I was reconstructing the contacts maintained by Giancarlo Elia Valori, Luigi Bisignani , Franco Bonferroni  and others, and their influence on the world of banking and finance."
Not only "does Giancarlo Elia Valori," says De Magistris, "seem to be at the top of present-day 'contemporary Freemasonry’, but Valori often occupied public works [positions]."
Valori and politics
One should not think that Valori has ties to just one political party. His relations are bipartisan, and despite his disdain for Prodi he is on good terms with many esponents of the center-left, particularly with the dalemiani (especially Minniti) and Rutelli (also close to Caltagirone), which at the time of his appointment as president of the Industrial Union of Rome dedicated to him words of great appreciation.
The Zionist Valori
Valori likes to present himself as a professor of international politics and his views are similar to those of the far right Zionists. And he is one of the sponsors of the despicable Islamic repentant Magdi Allam , and a theorist of a clash of civilizations against Islam. In the preface of a book of Allam he writes:
"It is the defense of Israel that is the new platform of European and US grand strategy... The book of Magdi Allam is a good start for this project."
He is firmly opposed to the idea of a Palestinian state, indeed, the very idea of Palestinian people:
"We need to change the register: Palestine, which does not exist as a geopolitical entity, is not the solution, but the problem. Speaking of the Palestinian people … means accepting their independence, at least in semantics."
Valori proposes the attribution to Israel of most of the occupied territories, while the Gaza Strip and the West Bank should be assigned respectively to Egypt and Jordan. With the addition of a Palestinian “area”, out of the current Palestine, Giancarlo Elia Valori perhaps meant as a sort of reserve on the US model. ...
In this photo taken in the evening in support of the Israeli aggression in Gaza, Valori (center) appears with Raffaele Sassoon, Italian president for Keren Keyemet LeIsrael (KKL) or Jewish National Fund, a giant multinational company whose principal property is consisting of 372 Palestinian villages whose inhabitants were expelled by force, and with Cesare Anticoli directing instead the Italian section of Keren Hayesod or United Jewish Appeal, which Wikipedia defines as "the financial powerhouse of the world Zionist movement."
Here, on the same occasion, he is standing with Fabrizio Cicchitto , another former P2 member today among the more prominent members of the Berlusconi [P2] government.
The Livorno politicians we have mentioned have felt compelled in the electoral campaign, when commitments are many and pressing, to go pay homage to this character in an initiative that has not been publicized and that therefore must be considered reserved for insiders. Spontaneous questions arise: why? What relationships has Valori cultivated in Livorno? What influence is exerted on the local Masonic and Zionist lobbies? Why was there no embarrassment in legitimizing a person who offers such abhorrent solutions to the Middle East? What is the role of the Jewish B’nai B’rith association, the organizer of the event? I wonder if someone will respond.
Let me conclude with the declaration of a survivor of the repression of the Argentine military of the 1970s - friends of P2 members and in some cases P2 members themselves - to show that the mother of Valori may have saved 120 Jews but that maybe the son has many more on his conscience: "… The torture of a Jewish prisoner always involved a good time for the security departments of Argentine (...). " Jews suffered in particular and were subjected to special and sadistic torture under the dictatorship. Although the percentage of Jews in the Argentine population reached 1%, more than 10% of the disappeared (some say even 13%) were Jews. Admiral Massera, a P2 member [and key 1976 coup plotter with Videla], declared that the crisis of humanity was due to Sigmund Freud, Albert Einstein and Karl Marx (in fact all three Jews), who, with their works, undermined the integrity and dignity of Western civilization and Christianity.
|||2014, Dr. Johannes Grossmann, 'Die Internationale der Konservativen. Transnationale Elitenzirkel und private Außenpolitik in Westeuropa seit 1945', p. 544: "Aus Italien stiessen in den 1980er Jahren lediglich der fruhere Generalkommandant der Carabinieri, Umberto Cappuzzo, und der evenfalls in Vaduzer Institut engagierte Giancarlo Valori zum Cercle."|
||| *) Cercle sources for Andreotti: 1993, Brian Crozier, 'Free Agent', pp. 186, 191-193, and 241; 2002, David Rockefeller, 'Memoirs', pp. 412-413, referring to the Pesenti Group; 2010, Johannes Grossmann, 'Die Kulturelle Integration Europas', p. 330: "Andreotti war spatestens seit 1970 regelmassig im Cercle zu Gast"; Confidential Cercle document from about 1991 from the Julian Amery archive: "Andreotti is still a member but seldom appears."
*) Although Licio Gelli's P2 Lodge files had vanished by the time his villa was raided, the index of his files was discovered, and some of the headings included Giulio Andreotti's name.
*) 1997, Robert Hutchinson, 'Their Kingdom Come – Inside the Secret World of Opus Dei', pp. 263-264: "P2 was formed in the late 1960s, allegedly at the behest of Giordano Gamberini, a Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy and friend of Gulio Andreotti. But he was much closer to Francesco Cosentino, who also was well introduced in Vatican circles. Either Andreotti or Cosentino, or perhaps both, were said to have suggested the creation of a small cell of trusted right-wing personalities in key national sectors, but especially banking, intelligence and the press, to guard against what they perceived as 'the creeping communist threat'. The person Gamberini chose to develop the P2 Lodge was a small-time textile magnate from the Tuscan town of Arezzo, midway between Florence and Perugia, who after two as a Freemason had risen to the Italian equivalent of Master Mason. His name, of course, was Licio Gelli. But the P2's top man, according to Calvi, was none other than Andreotti, followed in line of command by Cosentino and Ortolani [Umberto Ortolani; secret chamberlain of the Papal Household; member of the inner council of the Knights of Malta; said to be a member of Cardinal Giacomo Lercano; met with Licio Gelli, Roberto Calvi, and others in Rome in December 1969]. Andreotti always denied Calvi's allegation. But the fact remains that Calvi feared Andreotti more than Gelli or Ortolani. As for Cosentino, he died soon after the P2 hearings began. The truth of the matter, [professor] Javier Sainz said, is that the P2 Lodge was part of a secret right-wing network created with the Vatican's blessing as part of the Occident's bulwark against communism. The P1 Lodge was in France and the P3 Lodge was in Madrid. The P3 was headed by a former minister of Justice, Pio Cabanillas Gallas [cabinet minister under Franco, the dictator of Spain until 1975; secretary of the Council of the Realm, Franco's highest advisory body; Minister of Information and Tourism; remained influential in government after Franco's death; Minister of Culture; Minister of Justice 1981-1982; more centrist than Cercle member Munoz; member of the European Parliament]".
*) 1991, Philip Willan, 'Puppetmasters: The Political Use of Terrorism in Italy', p. 106: "The relationship between Giulio Andreotti and the coup plotters and, for that matter, his relationship with Gelli, have never been fully clarified. Several witnesses have testified that Gelli frequently spoke on the phone in their presence to someone he claimed was Andreotti. There is also an often-published photograph which shows the two standing together in evening dress and beaming smiles. Andreotti stated in a 1989 interview (Panaroma, 22 October 1989) that he had met Gelli because of the latter’s role as a director of the Permaflex mattress factory in Frosinone, which would mean their acquaintance dates from 1965 at the earliest, as the factory was inaugurated in that year. According to Gelli, however, the two first met in 1958. Andreotti described how he had met Gelli later, in Argentina when Juan Peron returned to power, and was amazed at the deference with Gelli was treated by the Argentine President, an observation that supports Arrigo Molinari’s assertion, examined earlier, that Gelli may have been in some way instrumental in presenting Andreotti to Peron. … Andreotti declared that he had no reason to think that ‘Gelli was someone to avoid’. … Gelli professes the highest regard for Andreotti."
*) 1991, Philip Willan, 'Puppetmasters: The Political Use of Terrorism in Italy', p. 107: "According to Paolo Aleandri, it was a common rumour among rightists that Andreotti had been considered by the Borghese coup plotters to be a kind of beacon or reference point within the political establishment. General Miceli offered a non-committal comment on this delicate subject during an interrogation by Judge Tamburino in 1974. ‘As for the rumours about Andreotti’s leanings towards a coup, I can say that there is a literature on the subject which has not been backed up by objective proof. Anonymous documents about it were in circulation in 1972 and I believe that D’Amato was in possession of a couple of reports which were passed to me and which I sent on to the Prime Minister [that is to Andreotti.]’"
*) 1997, Robert Hutchinson, 'Their Kingdom Come – Inside the Secret World of Opus Dei', p. 350: "In 1994 Andreotti's friend and former foreign trade minister, Claudio Vitalone, brother of the lawyer Wilfredo with whom Carboni had been in almost hourly phone contact while shadowing Calvi's flight to London, was charged with ordering [Mino] Pecorelli's [former P2 member; journalist who informed Andreotti beforehand he was putting out some damaging information on him] slaying. Accused with him were Mafia bosses Gaetano Badalamenti and Pippo Calo. Andreotti, friend of three popes who claimed never in his long career of public service to have forsaken his Catholic principles, joined them at trial, accused of issuing the contract against Pecorelli. Magistrates in Palermo had already stunned the world by accusing 'Uncle Giulio' of 'protecting, assisting and consorting with the Cosa Nostra' in return for electioneering support that helped maintain the Christian Democrat Party and Andreotti at the apex of Italian political life for more than three decades."
*) In 2002 Andreotti and mafia boss Gaetano Badalamenti were sentenced to 24 years in prison over the murder, but the sentence was thrown out by the Supreme Court in 2003.
|||*) Cercle sources for Pesenti: 1993, Brian Crozier, 'Free Agent', p. 193; 2002, David Rockefeller, 'Memoirs', pp. 412-413, referring to the Pesenti Group.
*) Carlo Pesenti's uncle was close to Mussolini, who gave his uncle's firm Italcementi priviliged access to contracts for concrete in Italian-occupied Ethiopia.
*) 2003, Stuart Christie, 'General Franco Made Me a Terrorist - Part 2', p. 235: "[Summer of 1960:] The shift to the 'centre-left' (as perceived by the reactionary right) in European politics causes alarm and concern within conservative circles, particularly in Italy. The Vatican hails authoritarian Christian Democrat Prime Minister Tambroni as the 'wise and strong man'. The fascist Movimiento Sociale Italiano (MSI) is sufficiently confident to convene a national party conference under the chairmanship of Carlo Emanuele Basile, a former fascist prefect of Genoa whose name had figured in the list of war criminals. Twelve people are killed and many hundreds are injured in the anti-fascist riots that follow in most industrial cities throughout Italy. Stefano Delle Chiaie (SDC), a member of Pino Rauti's Nazi Ordine Nuevo (ON) organisation, later claimed it was around this time that he was recruited by an officer of the (Christian Democrat-controlled) Ministry of the Interior's Bureau of Confidential Affairs under Federico Umberto D'Amato to undertake covert operations against anti-fascists and left-wing militants. SDC leaves ON to set up his own neo-fascist organisation -- Avanguardia Nazionale (AN), whose gangs become activists of state-sponsored terror for two decades. AN is financed to the tune of 300,000 lire a month by Lombard cement manufacturer Carlo Pesenti."
*) September 22, 1984, Globe and Mail (Canada), 'Carlo Pesenti Former vice-president of Banco Ambrosiano': "Carlo Pesenti, a prominent Italian businessman who was vice-president of the Banco Ambrosiano when it collapsed two years ago, died in a Montreal hospital of heart failure late Thursday night. He was 77. Mr. Pesenti, along with seven other bank directors, was ordered in June to face charges arising from the private bank's collapse - Italy's worst post-war banking crash. He had been living with his family in Monte Carlo. Mr. Pesenti, an executive at the bank while Roberto Calvi was its president, was due to appear before an investigating committee in Rome yesterday. Mr. Calvi was found hanged under a Thames River bridge in London in 1982. Visiting Montreal on private business, Mr. Pesenti was admitted to Montreal General Hospital on Sept. 15 when he suffered a heart attack. One of Italy's top industrialists, his empire included banks, holding companies and industrial groups. He climbed to the helm of Italian finances after the end of the Second World War when he founded Italcementi, a cement plant. He became manager of the insurance firm Riunine Adriatica Di Sicurita and the automaker Lancia, among other posts he held. Mr. Pesenti was also chairman of Italmobiliare Spa, one of the largest financial holding groups on the Milan Stock Exchange. The company accumulated large debts due to financial expansion and in 1972 Mr. Pesenti raised a secret loan from the Vatican's Institute for Religious Works [IOR/Vatican Bank] to stave off bankruptcy. Mr. Pesenti's death means he will not be able to testify as to the whereabouts of more than $1.2-billion siphoned from the bank's assets - one of the questions to be answered at the investigation."
|||1970s-1980s Cercle visitor Baron Benoit de Bonvoisin was the most key player in just about all the Belgian scandals mentioned. He was a major financier/controller of fascist militias in Belgian and abroad and features in sadistic child abuse dossiers with some of his closest associates. Like his friends, Baron de Bonvoisin belonged to the Opus Dei clique of Otto von Habsburg. Other Cercle visitors as Paul Vankerkhoven, Florimond Damman, Jacques Jonet, and Nicholas de Kerchove belonged to this exact same network, not to mention Cercle head Jean Violet, who was in direct contact with de Bonvoisin separate from Le Cercle.|
|||*) In 1977 Cercle member and close Baron de Bonvoisin-associate Florimond Damman co-founded the Hungary Committee 1956-76 (Comite Hongrie 1956-76) with Ernest Tottosy, Francis Dessert, Emile Lecerf, Jacques Borst, Bernard Mercier en Victor de Stankovich. The Hungary Committee was located at CEPIC and PIO headquarters (of Paul vanden Boeynants and Baron de Bonvoisin, also visited by Cercle head Jean Violet, and the center of the Strategy of Tension), the building being part of Baron de Bonvoisin PDG firm. The Hungary Comittee's official purpose was to commemorate the Hungarian Uprising against the communists in 1956. However, Tottosy and de Stankovich were members of the P-7 Lodge, a smaller, parallel lodge to the P-2. The P-7 Lodge consisted of about 30 members who laundered CIA money for covert operations. De Bonvoisin worked with Damman both as a member of one of the study groups within the AESP and as a Board Member of MAUE (also located at PDG). A 1981 report by the Surete de l'Etat, Belgium's internal security agency, makes it clear that de Bonvoisin took over MAUE after Florimond Damman died in July 1979.
*) November 15, 1990, Hugo Gijssels for Humo magazine (Belgium), 'P2 + CIA = P7: Did the 'Strategy of Tension' reach until Nijvel' ('P2 + CIA = P7: Reikte de 'Strategie van Spanning' tot in Nijvel?'). See column on the right for the text of the article.
*) July 4, 2000, 72nd sesion of the Italian Parliament, 'Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry on terrorism in Italy and on the causes of the failure to identify those responsible for massacres', testimony of journalist Ennio Remondino (translated from Italian): "Yes. Among the many names that the supranational structure had assumed, there was also that of P7. Also described is the P2 ... as a coordinating and funding body for illegal covert CIA operations to keep those operations outside the control of Congress."
|||*) September 23, 2009, Herald de Paris, 'Rise and fall of Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi between Mafia and Masonic Lodges': "It was the time of the post-war economic aid to Italy, a plan decided during the Truman administration to put pressure on the Italian Prime Minister in order to keep the left coalitions away from the Parliament and reconstitute new masonic lodges with strong anti-socialist and anti-communist principles. The bonds between the US and Italian masonries were established thanks to the activity of Frank Gigliotti, agent of the OSS (Office of Strategic Service, forerunner of the CIA) and close to the Sicilian Mafia. Frank Gigliotti’s disappearance from the scene seems to coincide time-wise with Licio Gelli’s arrival. After Italy’s liberation from the Nazi-Fascist regime in 1944, Licio Gelli, former fascist chief and officer of the RSI (Repubblica Sociale Italiana, the last attempt to recover the fascist regime after Mussolini’s death), became a collaborator of the US secret services, recruited by James Angleton, pro-monarchy and pro-fascism OSS member. Gelli’s admission within the Italian masonic scene found some hindrance due to his fascist past of persecution towards partisans as well as masons, but thanks to the help of masonic leaders such as Giordano Gamberini, close to the CIA, in 1965 he was initiated and in 1966 appointed as the Maestro of the P2 Lodge. In contrast with the masonic common rule, Gelli was renowned for his obsession for secrecy: he was the only one to know who the members were, they didn’t even know each other, and although according to the tradition members was supposed to approve new members’ application, within the P2, only Gelli was entitled to decide who could or could not be part of it. Also, associates of the other lodges were supposed to meet regularly, while P2 members were not allowed to meet. During Gelli’s management of the P2 a series of acts aimed at undermining Italian democracy took place: attempts of coups, attacks against civilians and politicians were part of the wider strategy of tension of the late 1960s and 1970s, whose goal was to prevent the “communist danger” from spreading. ... As had happened for Michele Sindona, also Mr Berlusconi’s rise was backed by a warm media campaign celebrating him as a selfmade man, whose fortune had raised only thanks to his personal ability. This is not the case, as all economic and political fortunes of P2’s members were carefully decided and backed by Gelli and all aimed at specific higher goals. By the late 1970s, members of the secret lodge were infiltrated in every pivotal circuit of the public life: secret services, mass media, bank sector, judiciary system, government, army, all ministers and both chambers of Parliament, police services. Unlikely the other lodges, that never reached more than 250 members, the P2 could rely on at least 400 loyal men at its service, becoming the biggest and most powerful Masonic Lodge in Italy. Says Giacomo Foddai, former head of Carabinieri (the military police) in the northeastern area of Sardinia during the Cold War: “There was the rumour that if you wanted to progress with your career you needed to be a P2 member, then when it came to light, little by little this membership became a hindrance and reason for discrimination.” ... Already in 1987, Berlusconi was questioned by judge Giorgio Della Lucia over the reason why he had hired as “collaborator” Mafia boss Vittorio Mangano, who lived in his villa in Arcore and was previous offender for crimes such as drug trafficking, money laundering, arm trafficking. It will come out that Berlusconi’s residence had been used as hideaway by more than one Mafia bosses."
*) In 1982 a document was confiscated by the Italian police in the possession of Grazia Gelli, the daughter of P2 head Licio Gelli. Hidden in the false bottom of a suitcase, the title of the document was Piano di Rinascita Democratica (Democratic Rebirth Plan) which amounted to a declaration of the lodge's intent; essentially, Gelli's goal was to form a new political and economical elite to lead Italy towards a more authoritarian form of democracy, in an anti-communist perspective.
|||*) November 18, 1990, The Observer: "Declassified secret service papers reveal that Ted Shackleton [sic], deputy chief of the CIA station in Rome in the 1970’s introduced the notorious Licio Gelli – head of the neo-fascist P2 masonic lodge and for years a fugitive in Argentina – to General Alexander Haig, then Nixon's chief of staff, and later, from 1974 to 1979, NATO Supreme Commander. P2 was a right-wing shadow government, ready to take over Italy, that included four Cabinet Ministers, all three intelligence chiefs, 48 MPs, 160 military officers, bankers, industrialists, top diplomats and the Army Chief of Staff. After meetings between Gelli, Italian military brass and CIA men in the embassy, Gladio was given renewed blessing – and more money – by Haig and the then head of the National Security Council, Henry Kissinger."
*) 2005, Daniele Ganser, 'Nato's Secret Armies', p. 74: "Frank Gigliotti [one-time assistant to a hypnotist; Presbyterian clergyman; worked with teenaged boys, for whom he organized a social club named the Guiseppe Mazzini Club; recruited by the OSS; active in Italy] of the US Masonic Lodge personally recruited Gelli and instructed him to set up an anti-Communist parallel government in Italy in close cooperation with the CIA station in Rome. 'It was Ted Shackley, director of all covert operations of the CIA in Italy in the 1970s', an internal report of the Italian anti-terrorism unit confirmed, 'who presented the chief of the Masonic Lodge to Alexander Haig'. According to the document, Nixon's Military adviser General Haig [later Pilgrims Society executive], who had commanded US troops in vietnam and thereafter from 1974 to 1979 served as NATO's SACEUR, and Nixon's National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger [Le Cercle] 'authorized Gelli in the fall of 1969 to recruit 400 high ranking Italian and NATO officers into his lodge'. (60)... the secretive anti-Communist P2 members list confiscated [in 1981] counted at least 962 members, with total leadership estimated at 2,500... 52 were high-ranking officers of the Carabinieri paramilitary police, 50 were high-ranking officers of the Italian Army, 37 were high-ranking officers of the Finance Police, 29 were high-ranking officers of the Italian Navy, 11 were Presidents of the police, 70 were influential and wealthy industrialists, 10 were Presidents of banks, 3 were acting Ministers, 2 were former Ministers, 1 was President of a political party, 38 were members of parliament and 14 were high-ranking judges. Others on lower levels of the social hierarchy were mayors, directors of hospitals, lawyers, notaries and journalists."
|||*) 1997, Robert Hutchinson, 'Their Kingdom Come – Inside the Secret World of Opus Dei', p. 210: "Lopez Rega began to promote Peron as the only person capable of restoring civil order to Argentina. One of the most dedicated supporters of Peron's return was Giancarlo Elia Valori, younger brother of the assassinated Giuseppe Valori. In 1960, when thenty-three, he had been named a secret chamberlain of the Papal Household, becoming one of Umberto Ortolani's [top P2 Lodge figure] protégés. In the mid-1960s, he was named secretary of the newly formed Institute for International Relations, a more formalized version of the Pinay Group. As such he knew just about every prominent anti-Marxist on three continents. When Peron came to Rome, he stayed at Valori's villa, while conducting his business during the day from the Hotel Excelsior in the Via Venoto. If Peron wanted an introduction to the head of Banco Ambrosiano [Roberto Calvi], Valori arranged it. If he wanted a meeting with the Vatican's secretary of state, Valori saw that it was done. One day Ortolani called Valori to his office and introduced him to Licio Gelli who suggested that Valori should join the P2 Masonic Lodge. Valori did not reply immediately. But when in April 1973 he gave a lecture at the University of Madrid on The Concept of the Christian State, he sent a warmly worded letter to Gelli inviting him to attend. On Peron's next visit to Rome, Valori was not surprised to find Gelli cruising the lobby of the Excelsior. Gelli rushed over and asked to be introduced to the General's personal secretary, Lopez Rega. 'Your excellency,' the suave Gelli said in perfect Spanish, 'they say you are a man of God.' Indeed Lopez Rega believed he spoke directly with the Archangel Gabriel. Gelli charmed Lopez Rega, who he soon initiated into the P2 Lodge. Gelli described Peron as… 'misunderstood'…"
*) 1975, Revue Roumaine d'Etudes Internationales, volume 9, no. 4, p. 398: "the General Secretary of the Institute [of International Relations], Mr. Giancarlo Elia Valori..." 1982, volumes 28-31, Institute of Asian Affairs, North Korea Quarterly, p. 63: "Giancarlo Elia Valori, Secretary General of the Italian International Relations Institute..." 2000, BBC summary of World Broadcasts, Asia, Pacific, no. 39-: "Giancardo Elia Valory, secretary-general of the Italian Institute for International Relations... Valori said that everything goes well in the DPRK under the wise guidance of the great Kim Jong-il..."
*) June 1, 2009, Senza Soste, 'Giancarlo Valori, the new head of the P2, received in grand style in Livorno' ('Giancarlo Valori, il nuovo capo della P2 ricevuto in pompamagna a Livorno'): "Let me conclude with the declaration of a survivor of the repression of the Argentine military of the 1970s - friends of P2 members and in some cases P2 members themselves - to show that the mother of Valori may have saved 120 Jews but that maybe the son has many more on his conscience: "… The torture of a Jewish prisoner always involved a good time for the security departments of Argentine (...). " Jews suffered in particular and were subjected to special and sadistic torture under the dictatorship. Although the percentage of Jews in the Argentine population reached 1%, more than 10% of the disappeared (some say even 13%) were Jews. Admiral Massera, a P2 member [and key 1976 coup plotter with Videla], declared that the crisis of humanity was due to Sigmund Freud, Albert Einstein and Karl Marx (in fact all three Jews), who, with their works, undermined the integrity and dignity of Western civilization and Christianity."
|||July 4, 2000, 72nd sesion of the Italian Parliament, 'Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry on terrorism in Italy and on the causes of the failure to identify those responsible for massacres', testimony of journalist Ennio Remondino (translated from Italian): "It was still quite "hot" the P2 story. The news more or less said that Gelli knew about the murder of Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme for a few days in advance. There was no talk of involvement, but ... of foreknowledge... Gelli sent a telegram from South America [through Umberto Ortolani] to his friend Philip Guarino [recruit of OSS chief Bill Donovan; P2 and Cosa Nostra ties; on the board of the Committee for the Defense of the Mediterranean with John Connally, who was also hit when JFK was killed; co-founder U.S. branch Supreme Military Order of the Jerusalem Temple; close to Bush, Sr.] (which you will surely remember as a member of the American Republican Party, a character already known in Italy as one of those who signed an affidavit for [Vatican and Gambino mafia money launderer Michele] Sindona). That telegram said: "the Swedish tree will be felled." The news agency ANSA had broken this news, which was taken from "La Repubblica" and I think it was the subject of two articles in "Epoca" or some other weekly. In essence, the source of the news was the Swedish press and a mysterious CIA agent, an agent called "Y". ..."|
|||See note 2.|
|||June 1, 2009, Senza Soste, 'Giancarlo Valori, the new head of the P2, received in grand style in Livorno' ('Giancarlo Valori, il nuovo capo della P2 ricevuto in pompamagna a Livorno'): "Valori enrolled in the P2 (name card 283) and with Licio Gelli he is one of the instigators of the reactionary right in the period of the new Argentine president Peron, in which they create the conditions for the military dictatorship of 1976-1983 [of Videla and the P2’s Admiral Emilio Eduardo Massera]. But Gelli, on the pretext of his frequent Vatican visits, expels Valori from the P2, to successfully become the main reference point for politicians in Buenos Aires. Valori doesn’t mind that much and continues his frequent visits to the intelligence community and the underbelly of politics. He knows [SISMI head] General [Giuseppe] Santovito, also a P2 member; [P2 member] Mino Pecorelli, [the Banco Ambrosiano and Bologno bombing-linked] Francesco Pazienza and other protagonists of the conspiracies in those years. Because these ties are certainly not common among Italian managers and entrepreneurs, Valori is repeatedly called to testify in key investigations of the early 80s..."|
|||*) September 16, 2008, Farnesina: Ministero degli Affari Esteri e della Cooperazione Internazionale, 'Press release detail': "At 9:15 tomorrow morning Minister for Foreign Affairs Franco Frattini will open the sessions of the conference "Italy, Europe and Israel: how to build a privileged partnership" arranged by the Aspen Institute and held in the International Conference Room of the foreign ministry in Rome. ... In addition to Israeli Minister of Welfare Isaac Herzog, who will also hold a meeting with Minister Frattini, other participants are to include ... Minister for Economic and Financial Affairs Tremonti and former Minister for Foreign Affairs Massimo D'Alema, business world such as Carlo De Benedetti [protege of the Agnellis], Piero Gnudi, Giancarlo Elia Valori, and journalism, including Renato Mannheimer, Edward Luttwak, Arrigo Levi, as well as major representatives of the Jewish community such as Chief Rabbi Di Segni and President of the Union of Italian Jewish Communities Gattegna." Luttwak and Valori were also both involved in the company Italintesa.
*) June 1, 2009, Senza Soste (Livorno, Italy), 'Giancarlo Valori, il nuovo capo della P2 ricevuto in pompamagna a Livorno' ('Giancarlo Valori, the new head of the P2, received in grand style in Livorno'): "The shareholders' meeting of Italintesa SpA awarded him the honorary presidency of the company. Among the shareholders are the American political scientist Edward Luttwak, a former consultant of Italintesa and regular columnist in the papers of the Gruppo Monti and Sicilian Gazzetta del Sud. Like Valori, Luttwak has a contiguous past involving the Atlantic powers that is more or less hidden."
*) February 14, 2013, Comunita Ebraica di Roma, 'Valori, Foxman, Kissinger, Powel e la Rice insieme per il centenario dell’Anti-Defamation League': "The president of the merchant bank La Centrale Finanziaria Generale, Giancarlo Elia Valori, is designated to be part of the honorary committee for the centennial celebration of the Anti-Defamation League in the 28 to 30 April program in Washington, at the invitation of global ADL president Abraham Foxman. . ... Other participants in the ceremony, infatti, include Madeleine Albright, Jane Harman, Henry Kissinger, Congressman John Lewis, Federico Pefia, Colin Powell, Condoleezza Rice, George Shultz, Diane von Furstenberg and Elie Wiesel."
|||June 3, 1996, The Independent, 'Death, drugs and diamonds in tale of global conspiracy'|
|||*) See ISGP's Beyond the Dutroux Affair for all the details.
*) October 1, 2000, Associated Press, 'Director Quits Over Child Porn': "The news director of Italian state television's primary station resigned Sunday, taking the blame for allowing graphic images of child pornography to air in a prime-time report. The broadcast, seen by more than 7 million people, stunned the country. In the ensuing uproar, RAI-TV came under attack from the Vatican, the Parliament, the president, the prime minister, politicians on both the left and the right, family and child advocates and a host other news organizations."
||| *) June 3, 1996, The Independent, 'Death, drugs and diamonds in tale of global conspiracy': "Colonel Ferraro almost certainly died because he knew too much. The magistrate in charge of the inquiry team, Alfredo Ormanni, believes they have reached a crucial stage by uncovering the core mechanism at the heart of the operation, code-named "Cheque to cheque" by Italian police."
*) September 28, 2000, The Guardian, 'Paedophile videos stun Italians': "Exposure to the images has been a traumatic experience for police and magistrates. Alfredo Ormanni, the prosecutor in Torre Annunziata, near Naples, who is coordinating the inquiry, said they induced such a sense of desperation that he had been tempted to abandon his profession."
|||Amintore Fanfani: major fascist under Mussolini; post war he was Christian Democrat politician; prime minister 1954, 1958-59, 1960-63; president Italian Senate 1968-1973, 1976-1982; prime minister 1982-83; president Italian Senate 1985-1987; prime minister 1987; minister of the interior 1987-1988.|
|||Ettore Bernabei: editor in chief of a Christian Democratic Florentine newspaper called Giornale del Mattino early 1950s; editor in chief of Christian Democratic newspaper Il Popolo 1956-1960; close friend and associate of former fascist and five-time prime minister Amintore Fanfani; director general of the monopolistic media station Radio Audizioni Italiane (RAI) 1961-1974, appointed by Fanfani; did is absolute best to keep the RAI oriented towards the Christian Democrat party; managing director and chairman of Italstat 1974-1991; in 1991 co-founder of Lux Vide, famous for series such as The Bible and Jesus; on the advisory board for T-Systems Italia SpA since February 2007. Hired the controversial Giuseppe Elia Valori in 1965 for RAI and served with him in later years in T-Systems.|
|||Licio Gelli: Mussolini fascist; officer of Repubblica Sociale Italiana, a final attempt to revive fascism in Italy after Mussolini's death; recruited by OSS/CIA officer James Angleton after WWII; head of the strange and bizarre P2 Lodge late 1960s-1980; in contact with Ted Shackley, Alexander Haig, and Henry Kissinger since the late 1960s; at the front row during Reagan's inauguration in 1981. Additional: Members of the P2 Lodge were not allowed to meet. Rumors were going round that if you wanted to advance in your career, you had to be part of the P2.|
|||General Giuseppe Santovito: served on the African front under Mussolini; commander Central Military Region (Rome) 1977-1978; head of Italian intelligence agency SISMI 1978 until his ouster in 1981 due to his uncovered P2 Lodge membership.|
|||Mino Pecorelli: briefly part of Prince Valerio Borghese's fascist militia Decima Flottiglia MAS during WWII; graduated in law and became a journalist with many intelligence contacts; P2 Lodge member; murdered in 1979 after hinting in a May 1978 article that the U.S. and Giulio Andreotti were behind the kidnapping and murder of Aldo Moro; informed Andreotti immediately before his death that he had damaging information on him; in 2002 Andreotti and mafia boss Gaetano Badalamenti were sentenced to 24 years in prison over the murder, but the sentence was thrown out by the Supreme Court in 2003.|
|||Francesco Pazienza: M.D., University of Rome; business consultant in France 1970s; military intelligence officer for SISMI since 1979; fugitive soon after the Banco Ambrosiano scandal surfaced in 1980-1981; In the mid-1980s CIA-linked Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca, involved in the 1981 assassination attempt on Pope John Paul II and other acts, claimed Pazienza had visited him in his cell, a claim backed up by another witness, Giovanni Pandico; after a long delay arrested in the U.S. in March 1985 and sent back to Italy; in 1988 convicted for spreading disinformation concerning the 1980 Bologna bombing, linked to fascist Gladio terrorists; convicted in 1993 for his role in the Banco Ambrosiano scandal;|
|||Massacre of Ustica: This term is a reference to the crash of a DC-9 airliner flying from Bologna to Palermo. There's been talk ever since the incident happened of a cover up related to the real cause of the crash. A bomb has been suspected, but in 2013 a court in Italy ruled that a "stray missile" had downed the airliner. 81 people were killed.|
|||Edward Luttwak: roommate of Richard Perle at the London School of Economics; worked for Senator Henry Jackson, just as half a dozen other leading neocons, including Richard Perle, Paul Wolfowitz, Frank Gaffney, Douglas Feith, Elliott Abrams, Richard Pipes; long career at CSIS and national security advisor to numerous Pentagon branches, the National Security Council, and the State Department; deeply involved in Ted Shackley's covert CIA group during the Cold War, which was also in touch with Gelli and the whole P2 network.|
|||Francesco Cossiga: Christian Democrat politician; minister for the organization of the public administration and the regions 1974-1976; minister of the interior 1976-1978 (restructed the police and secret services and resigned when Aldo Moro was found dead; at the time he accused the communists of knowing where Moro was hidden); Italian prime minister 1979-1980; president of the Italian Senate 1983-1985; Italian president 1985-1992.|
|||Giorgio Napolitano: born in 1925; opposed to fascism; long-time member Italian Communist Party; president Chamber of Deputies 1992-1994; minister of the interior 1996-1998 under Romano Prodi; president of Italy 2006-2015; also known as Re Giorgio (King George).|
|||Luigi Bisignani: Born in 1953. Son of a manager of Pirelli, one of the premier companies in Italy, certainly at the time. Italian journalist for ANSA; head of the press office of the Secretary of the Treasury and then Public Works in the government of Andreotti 1976-1979; became a P2 member, which was exposed in 1981; editor-in-chief of ANSI in the 1980s; publishing and communcation manager Ferruzzi Group since 1992; sentenced to two years in jail in 1998 after years of legal battles; expelled from the Order of Journalists in 2000; executive vice president Lite Group; president of his own consulting firm anno 2015; his son is communications manager of Ferrari; active as lobbyist; considered one of the most powerful men in Italy and referred to as the; his name appeared in the 2007-begun investigation Why Not as one of the "managers of hidden forces" alongside former leading P2 Lodge asset Giancarlo Valori, a person close to the Zionist and U.S. superclass; put under house arrest in 2011 in the so-called "P4" corruption investigation; Opus Dei would be part of his network..|
|||Franco Bonferroni: accountant; council member Chamber of Commerce Reggio Emilia 1966-1974, president/chairman 1974-1979; directorships in various companies; president/chairman IFOA 1975-1989; member of parliament 1979-1992; senator 1992-1994; deputy secretary of state at the Ministry of Industry and Commerce and the Ministry of Foreign Trade 1989-1992.|
|||Magdi Allam: grew up in a relatively liberal Cairo, Egypt; suspected of being a Jewish spy for having a Jewish girlfriend, but released after interrogation; left Egypt for Italy in December 1972; journalist for the communist newspaper Il Manifesto mid-1970s; journalist and commentator for the center-left newspaper La Repubblica 1978-2003; very pro-Palestine and pro-Muslim immigration until 2002; switched all his opinions in 2002 towards pro-Israel, anti-Palestine, and anti-Muslim immigration; converted from Islam to Roman Catholicism in the presence of Benedict XVI in 2008; member of the European Parliament for the center-right Christian-democrat Italian party UDC since 2009.|
|||Fabrizio Cicchitto: secretary of the youth section of the Italian Socialist Party 1960; remained a socialist until 1999; also a major supporter of Marxism, as well as a critic of the Christian Democrats, the CIA, and how the Aldo Moro case was used to cutt off relations with the Italian Communist Party; Italian congressman 1976-1983; strangely, in 1981 he confessed being a member of the P2 Lodge, leading to his dismissal from the Socialist Party until the late 1980s; switched to Berlusconi's Forza Italia in 1999; senator 1992-1994; congressman 2001-; vice president of Forza Italia in parliament; very active in the implementation of the European Monetary System.|