Association of Former Intelligence Officers (AFIO) was incorporated in
1975 as a 501(c)3 non-profit, non-political, educational association for
current and former intelligence professionals and supporters of the US
intelligence community. The Association is based in the Commonwealth of
Current Composition of Members as of September 2011
Current Board of Directors
During the 1970s the Intelligence Community was
buffeted by a number of leaks and revelations, culminating in the Church
and Pike Congressional investigations. CIA officer David Atlee
Phillips took early retirement in 1975 to respond to the growing
sentiment that the CIA was a “rogue elephant.” As part of this effort,
Phillips founded this organization, known then as the Association of
Retired Intelligence Officers (ARIO). Although much attacked at the
time when many people called for the dismantlement of the CIA, Phillips
toured the world to speak out in favor of the need for a strong
intelligence community. He was subsequently personally accused of being
a participant in the Kennedy and Letelier assassinations. He
successfully sued several publications for libel, retractions were
issued and monetary damages awarded. Phillips donated some of these
proceeds to ARIO for the purpose of creating a legal defense fund for
American intelligence officers who felt they were the victims of libel.
This defense focus was later moved to a separate group called Charter,
which disbanded in the early 1980s, and AFIO's focus narrowed to public
education within its 501(c)3 charter.
The first ARIO convention was held in September 1975,
and the organization defined its purpose to explain to the nation the
function of intelligence and what intelligence officers can and cannot
do. From the very beginning it sought to reach out to teachers and
students across the country as well as to the media, through
publications, such as Periscope and through periodic luncheons.
These early efforts have grown into the robust academic outreach and
support programs present today, including scholarships, civic outreach,
a variety of print and online publications and media fora, an annual
symposium as well as the quarterly luncheons featuring senior officials
from the Intelligence and Policy Communities, authors and media
In 1978 the name of the organization was changed to
Association of Former Intelligence Officers to reflect a pool of members
who were not necessarily retired, which widened the pool of eligible
members and reflects the current dynamic membership. From its
inception in Dave Phillips’ living room and a few hundred members in
1975, AFIO has grown to over 5000 members, with 24 active chapters
across the United States.
A member of the Intelligence Community Associations
Network (ICAN), AFIO is more than a professional or fraternal
organization. Its distinguishing mission is educational...to reach out
to the public and explain what intelligence organizations do, and to
build a nation-wide constituency for intelligence as a profession. In
many ways, AFIO is the public face of the Intelligence Community.
Our mission is to build a public
constituency for a sound, healthy and capable U.S. intelligence system.
Our focus on education fosters an understanding of the important role of
intelligence in National Security and nurtures interest by students in
careers in the many fields used by U.S. Intelligence Agencies. This
includes the role of supporting intelligence activities in U.S. policy,
diplomacy, strategy, security and defense.
In addition, AFIO focuses on
understanding the critical need for effective counterintelligence and
security against foreign, political, technological or economic
espionage, as well as covert, clandestine and overt counter-terrorist or
criminal operations threatening US security, the national
infrastructure or corporate and individual safety.
AFIO’s mission has special significance in today’s international diplomatic and business environments.
HONORARY BOARD OF DIRECTORS
- The Honorable George H. W. Bush, Chairman
- The Hon. Shirley Temple Black
- The Hon. Frank C. Carlucci
- Lincoln D. Faurer, LtGen, USAF, Ret.
- Michael V. Hayden. Gen, USAF, Ret.
- Bobby R. Inman, ADM, USN, Ret.
- Milton S. Maltz
- Maria L. Ransburg
- The Hon. William H. Webster
- Nigel West
- The Hon. R. James Woolsey
CLICK THIS LINE FOR BOARD OF DIRECTORS' PHOTOS AND BIOGRAPHIES
BOARD MEMBERS EMERITI
- Charles A. Briggs
- Donald P. Harvey, RADM, USN, Ret.
- M. E. 'Spike' Bowman, Capt., USN, Ret. - CHAIRMAN
- Sarah L. Botsai, PhD - VICE CHAIRMAN
- Stewart A. Baker
- C. Emerson Cooper
- Christopher N. Darlington
- Kenneth E. DeGraffenreid
- Martin C. Faga
- Robert A. Harding, MG, USA, Ret.
- James R. Hughes
- John Lenczowski, Ph.D.
- N. John MacGaffin III
- David G. Major
- Don H. McDowell, RADM, USN, Ret.
- C. Carson Morris
- Peter C. Oleson
- Albano F. Ponte
- Douglas R. Price
- John R. Sano
- Michelle Van Cleave
- Elizabeth A. Bancroft - ex officio
- S. Eugene Poteat, LL.D. - ex officio
- President - S. Eugene Poteat, LL.D.
- Sr. Vice President - André V. Kesteloot
- Executive Director - Elizabeth A. Bancroft
- Director of Membership - Patricia S. Lebeau
- Publications Research - Priscilla Adams
- Special Events - Arlene Wagner
- Financial Counsel - DuvallWheeler LLP
- C. Emerson Cooper - National Board-Chapter Liaison
- Don H. McDowell, RADM, USN, Ret. - Speaker Programs
- Albano F. Ponte, Endowment and Fund-Raising
Editors and Managers of Special Areas
- Dwayne Anderson - Founding Co-Editor, Intelligencer; Contributing Editor /
- Richard Gay - Special Historical Projects
- Joseph C. Goulden - Contributing Editor / Intelligencer
- Gary Harter - Academic & Community Outreach
- Hayden Peake - Contributing Editor / Intelligencer
- Teri Rustmann & Lisa Ruth - Editors / Weekly Intelligence Notes
- Gary Wass - Special Events / Corporate Support
AFIO Code of Ethics
AFIO Officer, Director and Member Code of Ethics
in the Association of Former Intelligence Officers including National
and Chapter leadership positions imposes a responsibility to uphold and
further the Association's purposes and objectives as set forth in the
Association's charter and bylaws and the resolutions and decisions of
its Board of Directors. Members at all times should conduct themselves
and their professional and business affairs in a manner that reflects
credit upon and enhances the reputation of AFIO.
of Directors vests the President of AFIO with the power to enforce
these membership obligations by removing from membership, with
concurrence of the Executive Committee [EXCOM], any member who, in the
judgment of the EXCOM, gives cause for dismissal. Such causes include,
but are not limited to:
1. Any material misrepresentation of
service, employment, or credentials in application for membership,
during the duration of membership or when serving in any office in the
Association or its chapters.
2. Any act intended to disrupt the existence or unity of the Association or its chapters.
3. Any act that violates the Association's charter,
such as using one's position in the Association to suggest or promote
personal, political, policy, religious, or social agendas. To
ensure that members' statements are not misconstrued in public fora
that are not sponsored by the Association, whether through
introductions or biographic profiles, such statements cannot be
accompanied by publications, slides, handouts, etc. which have the logo
or insignia of the Association. If affiliation with AFIO is noted or
apparent, any handouts, publications, or slides must bear the caveat: "The opinions expressed in this (letter, blog, event, speech, newsletter, slide, paper, presentation, discussion, etc.)
are those of the individual writer/speaker, and do not reflect the
position of, or the endorsement by, the Association of Former
Intelligence Officers, its members, officers, chapters, or board."
4. Any act that misrepresents the Association's
501(c)3 non-profit, non-political, educational charter, including any
act that brings public disrepute or embarrassment upon the Association,
or seeks to undermine the purposes or programs of the Association.
5. Any defamation, vilification, or deceitful act,
false accusation, calumny, or slander or libel against the Association,
its officers, or its members.
6. Any misrepresentation, or use for purposes other
than the stated purposes of the Association, of the AFIO name, symbols,
icons, trademarks, certificates, purposes, activities, membership or
member data, of the Association, including any act, assertion, or
implication of, affiliation with, sponsorship of, or approval by the
Association not permitted by the Association.
7. Any act in violation of a fiduciary or other trust
exercised on behalf of the Association or its subsidiary chapters.
8. Any felonious violation of U.S. federal, state, or
local laws or any prosecutable or indictable act, at the discretion of
the Board of Directors, whether or not related to the Association.
9. Any conflict of interest or appearance of conflict
of interest with the Association's charter, purposes, neutrality or
objectives if not resolved immediately and satisfactorily upon
notification and concurrence of the President.
10. Any violation of the ground rules
["background use only" "off the record" "Not for attribution"] set
forth on behalf of speakers at AFIO luncheons, seminars, symposia, or
Adopted by AFIO National Board of Directors on 26 August 2009
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