This page is a subsection of ISGP's article Cult of National Security Trolls: Art Bell and Coast to Coast AM. As that article details, shows like Coast to Coast AM promote virtually nothing but very organized and systematic disinformation. Basically all guests appear to be part of a very organized intelligence network.
One-time Coast to Coast AM guest, Jonestown survivor Deborah Layton, appears to fit right into that description. However, ISGP doesn't really have a strong take on Jonestown, mainly due to a lack of impeccable sources and some missing details. The official story is that just over 900 (mainly black) members of the Peoples Temple Agricultural Project in Guyana, under the leadership of cult leader Jim Jones, committed mass suicide in November 1978. More than a few questions can be asked, however, including to what extent the deaths actually involved suicide and how much of the project consisted of a covert mind control operation of the CIA, which at the same time was also trying to keep Guyana's Forbes Burnham in power.
Looking at a basic history of Jim Jones, it is this author's opinion that Jim Jones was little more than an early antifa (thus a racial-communism-pushing communist-globalist with activist and violent inclinations), not unlike activists as Howard Zinn and Ramsey Clark. He was associated with several "liberal CIA"-funded (i.e., Ford Foundation, today Soros, etc.) black activism NGOs and himself was an extreme pro-black globalist activist. Like so many "liberal CIA" and antifa assets, Jones was very critical of "right-wing" "conservative CIA" operations such as death squads and coups - as represented by his long-time nemesis Dan Mitrione. He appears to have been one of many lifelong role-players, kept afloat through occasional CIA and other establishment support.
Coast to Coast AM: August 20, 2000.
Deborah Layton, the most prominent of the few survivors of Jonestown, wrote the 1998 book Seductive Poison: A Jonestown Survivor's Story of Life and Death in the Peoples Temple. Bizarrely, her family was intimately tied to the cult's founder and operations:
- December 4, 1978, New York Times, 'Family Tragedy: Hitler's Germany to Jones's Cult': "The daughter of Hugo and Anita Philips, Lisa Philips Layton was born in Germany in 1915 into a family that had engaged in banking for at least 200 years. Her childhood playmates included cousins and friends from some of the best‐known families of Germany's Jewish aristocracy, such as the Berensons and Rothschilds. An uncle, Dr. James Franck, won the Nobel Prize for physics in 1935. ...
[Lisa's] father, a wealthy banker in Hamburg, and her mother would be marched off at gunpoint to a train bound for a concentration camp. But Lisa escaped [to New York]... In the summer of 1978, Lisa Philips Layton died of cancer in Jonestown, Guyana...
Mr. Jones's cult included, at one time or another, six members of the Layton family. [The Layton family] was unique in its deep involvment with Mr. Jones...
Mrs. Layton's daughter, Deborah [Layton], joined the cult five years ago. Her marriage was ruptured by Mr. Jones even before it could be consummated. Last May, while serving Mr. Jones as a trusted aide, she escaped from Jonestown and tried in vain to alert the world that he was preparing for a mass suicide in order to establish a place for himself in history.
Lisa Layton's youngest son, Larry [Layton], is now under arrest in Guyana, accused of murdering Representative Leo J. Ryan and four other persons in the attack that eventually led Mr. Jones to order the mass deaths.
Mrs. Layton saw Mr. Jones strip Larry of two wives. One, Karen Layton, died in the carnage at Jonestown. The other, Carolyn [Layton], became one of Mr. Jones's mistresses and also his principal fnancial adviser; it is not known whether she is alive. ...
In the mid — and late 1960's, when Berkeley became the scene of frequently tumultuous antiwar demonstrations and other protests, [brother and sister] Larry and Deborah Layton joined many of the demonstrations and began experimenting with drugs. Larry, after graduating from Berkeley High School, enrolled at the University of California...
In 1968, Carolyn Layton became the first member of the family to be enticed by Mr. Jones's diatribes against the rich, the Vietnam War, social injustice and racism. ... After Larry and Carolyn Layton joined the cult, Larry stopped writing to his parents and would not accept phone calls from them. ...
When Deborah came home from school in England in 1971, she brought a boyfriend, George Philip Blakey, a fellow Quaker and the son of a well-to-do farming family in Northumberland. ... before long even Mr. Blakey's mother had flown from England to join the People's Temple for a short while.
In 1972, Mr. Jones married Deborah Layton and Philip Blakey. But he ordered them separated before they had consummated the marriage, and Mr. Blakey eventually left California to join the party establishing the cult's Guyana settlement. Mr. Blakey survived the killings and suicides at Jonestown; he was on a boat owned by the commune at the time of the deaths.
Lisa Layton was the next member of the family to join the cult."
- Not much is known (for certain) about the family background of George Philip Blakey. Apart from alternative media claims that he was involved in CIA operations, his family is said to have been shareholders in the Belgian Solvay chemical concern. This would be interesting as information discussed in ISGP's Beyond the Dutroux Affair article indicates that Solvay used to be part of an elite child abuse and ritual abuse nexus with deep CIA ties. See the CIA section for source of the Solvay claim.
Jones became intensely involved in religion since about the age of 9-10. He essentially was a natural born preacher. 1982, Tim Reiterman, 'Raven: The Untold Story of the Rev. Jim Jones and His People':
|"[Jones's mother] Lynetta Jones admittedly paid little mind to Jim's religious upbringing. But even she became alarmed when she found that her son, then ten at the most, was being groomed as a child evangelist by a fanatically Pentecostal woman minister. Jim would bring flowers to the woman when she was sick. In turn the woman would invite him out to the country to her farm where he could play with animals and about the Lord. It did not take long for the woman to discover Jimmy's verbal gifts, his mind-boggling ability to throw out more well formed words per minute than most people from Lynn could read. ...
"She let it slide until Jim began having what she called "night terrors." The boy broke into heavy sweats in his sleep and experienced frightening dreams, particularly of a horrible snake; these were first signs of a lifelong pattern of insomnia. [Jones' mother] accepted a long-standing invitation to attend the Holy Roller church services, and was suitably distressed. The next time the woman minister came to visit, Lynetta threw her out of the house in a fury. ...
"[His mother later] saw him preaching to other children from behind a small altar ... even to the progeny of some of the town's social elite. ... For an hour, two hours and more, Jim Jones kept his young audience attentive and sometimes enthralled..."
According to childhood acquaintances, as a kid, Jones was seen as a "really weird kid", ultra-religious and obsessed with death. Frequently held funerals for small animals on his parents' property and had stabbed a cat to death. He shot his friend Don (who, unlike him, got into sports, girls, drinking and going out) in the stomach with a BB gun and on at least two occasions threatened to shoot him if he continued to walk (away). In one case Jones actually hit Don's shoe, narrowly missing his foot. Later in his teens Jones' favorite church became the Gospel Tabernacle Church on the edge of town, where they believed in faith-healings and speaking in tongues.
According to Jones and a childhood friend, his father belonged to the KKK and got into a fight with his son after not allowing a black friend of his at his home. Jones moved with his mother to Richmond, Indiana and graduated from Richmond High School in December 1948. By this time Jones was preaching around town with a Bible in his hand, sometimes dressed in a white robe that he also wore to the Gospel Tabernacle Church. Dan Mitrione, 11 years older than Jim Jones, was a police officer in the same town - Mitrione's hometown - of Richmond, Indiana 1945-1947, with a population of 37,000 at the time. Some conspiracy sources say a life-long friendship was struck up, because Mitrione later became a CIA-tied police "advisor" in the same Brazilian city where Jones went in the exact same period, teaching the police services how to torture suspects. However, according to private tape recordings, Jones considered Mitrione to be a highly "racist" police officer in Richmond. It remains a strange connection, of course.
Married Marceline Baldwin (1927–1978; died with him in Jonestown in 1978) in 1949, and moved to Bloomington, Indiana. Inspired by an Eleanor Roosevelt speech at Indiana University in Bloomington about the plight of African-Americans.
In 1951 Jones moved to Indianapolis, where he attended night school at Butler University, earning a degree in secondary education in 1961. Started attending Communist Party USA meetings in 1951. Frustrated with the FBI during the McCarthy era, especially after FBI harassment of his mother in front of her co-workers after attending a meeting of black activist Paul Robeson (Rutgers College; Columbia University; Rockefeller-funded School of Oriental Studies; communist; his son, Jr., was another communist political activist; vice presidential candidate in 1948 for the Progressive Party under Henry Wallace; mentor to actor/singer and Rockefeller-Soros-allied activist Harry Belafonte, in turn a close ally of actor Danny Glover).
Decided to "infiltrate" the church to spread Marxism. Became a student pastor at the Sommerset Southside Methodist Church. Left after the church refused to allow blacks. Around this time noticed that faith healings attracted a lot of money and attention and decided to focus on this. Organized a huge June 11-15, 1956 religious event where he shared the stage with famous faith "healer" Rev. William M. Branham, who claimed to be visited by angels. With the money he made during this event, Jones was able to set up his own church, which eventually became the Peoples Temple Christian Church Full Gospel. It was specifically focused on racial integration.
In January 1961 Indianapolis mayor Charles H. Boswell (Democrat; co-chairman of John F. Kennedy's 1960 presidential campaign in Indiana; read a speech for JFK; appointed Indianapolis postmaster by JFK in August 1962) appointed Jones director of the Indianapolis Human Rights Commission. Boswell asked Jones to keep a low-profile, to not touch racial division too much, and not upset the local business community. Jones completely ignored the requests and greatly increased his visibility by giving radio and television interviews, specifically about racial issues. To illustrate, in his new position, Jones gave highly militant speeches to the NAACP and the National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes, both majorly funded by the Ford Foundation, with the National Urban League having "special ties" to the Rockefeller foundations throughout the relevant period (its leadership was on the board of trustees of the Rockefeller Foundation). Meanwhile, Jim Jones told the press that he had walked out of a barbershop that refused service to a black man, and claimed to have racially integrated three restaurants in the city. He also desegregated a hospital he was forced to visit. Jones and his wife were the first Caucasian couple to adopt a black child in Indiana. Many white-owned businesses and locals were critical of him.
In the Fall of 1961 Jones became worried about the prospects of a nuclear holocaust. In late October 1961 he was present in Guyana (according to a local newspaper), where he would later build Jonestown. In January 1962 he read Esquire magazine's article entitled Nine Places in the World to Hide, which fingered the safest places around the world in case of a nuclear war. The listed places were: Eureka, California; Cork, Ireland; Guadalajara, Mexico; Belo Horizonte, Brazil; the central valley of Chile; Mendoze, Argentina; Melbourne, Australia; Christchurch, New Zealand; Tanacarive, Madagascar. Jones kept the position of director of the Indianapolis Human Rights Commission until April 1962, when he took his family to Belo Horizonte, with the aim of seeing if he could establish a new Temple here.
Coincidentally, Belo Horizonte is exactly where Dan Mitrione, Jones' old racist police officer nemesis from Richmond now was a USAID-sponsored police officer, laying the foundation for torture techniques to be taught to Brazilian police officers during the coming military regime. Jones claims to have tried to get in touch with Mitrione, but that he was informed by his family that Mitrione wanted no contact. It is also where Jones claimed to subordinates he was fucking the wife of the (CIA coup plotting, Rhodes Scholar-educated) U.S. ambassador in return for money for his charity. It is also where Jones claimed he was taken to the U.S. embassy by a wealthy businessman, where he could see the coup plotting in progress. It is also where Jones' neighbors suspected him of being CIA, not the least because of a diplomatic car delivering groceries to his large residence in a well-to-do district in town. In February 1963 Jones returned to Indianapolis, apparently because the ground was getting too hot under his communist feet, because he had run out of money, because he wanted to "fight fascism" in the U.S., and apparently also because his Peoples Temple in Indiana was about to collapse. It's a mouthful of strange coincidences and explanations - and it's all very suspect.
Back in Indiana, Jones continued to be a doomsday prophet, announcing that nuclear war would wipe out civilization on July 15, 1967. To prepare, he was going to create "a new socialist Eden on Earth" near Ukiah in Northern California, two hours north of San Francisco. Ukiah is located close to Eureka, which was mentioned as a safe place in the January 1962 Esquire article. He arrived here in the first half of 1965, bringing his Peoples Temple Christian Church of the Disciples of Christ with him, along with roughly 140 of his followers, most of them black. His church still was fully focused on racial diversity. July 26, 1965, Ukiah Daily Journal, 'Ukiah Welcomes New Citizens to Community':
|"Ukiah has quietly gained over the past several months 140 new citizens devoted to a belief in the brotherhood of man – and living their belief in their daily lives [namely] that all men – white, black, yellow or red – are one brotherhood...
"The Rev. Jones is pictured [here] in his Redwood Valley home with his wife and their four children: Suzanne, James Jones Jr., and Lew Erick are adopted children of Japanese, Korean, Negro, Indian and Caucasian heritage, and Stephan is their natural son."
He went to work as a teacher of sixth-grade school children in the area. Over time he was getting well-paid to the tune of $5 an hour ($35 in 2017 money) to give lectures to adults for about 6 hours per week. By encouraging Peoples Temple members to come to his lectures and schools, he once again started drawing a larger and larger following, and as a result also draw more and more opposition, especially over race issues. To counter this opposition, he started to members of his Peoples Temple with guns and rifles. Temple guards were given black uniforms and berets, turning the People's Temple into something approaching a Black Panther Party headquarters. As a excuse, word was spread that the Temple was defending itself from the Hell's Angels. At this point the cultic nature of his church was very clear. Jones railed against abortion by Catholics, taught about masturbation, and even began preaching that he was the reincarnation of Gandhi, Jesus, Buddha, and the communist Vladimir Lenin. With his pro-multiculture, communist speeches - similar to a modern antifa or "liberal CIA" asset - he continued to fan the flames of division in little Ukiah:
|"Those who [remain] drugged with the opiate of religion [have] to be brought to enlightenment – socialism. ... If you're born in capitalist America, racist America, fascist America, then you're born in sin. But if you're born in socialism, you're not born in sin."|
By 1970, apart from Ukiah, Jones had opened Peoples Temple branches in major cities as San Fernando, San Francisco, and Los Angeles, where he was able to draw in even larger numbers of predominantly poor black crowds. Jones shifted headquarters of the cult to San Francisco in the early 1970s where he was becoming a major political force. In 1975 he helped elected the liberal Democrat George Muscone become mayor of San Francisco, this by driving roughly 900 Temple followers in 13 buses from voting district to voting district to vote for Muscone again and again. Considering Muscone won by only 4,000 votes, it appears Jones got the job done for him.
In March 1976 Muscone picked Jones to head San Francisco's Human Rights Commission. Having already held this job in Indianapolis 16 years ago, Jones declined. This was followed on October 18, 1976 by an appointment as chairman of the San Francisco Housing Authority Commission. Considering the SFHA's purpose is "to deliver safe and decent housing for low income households and integrate economic opportunity for residents," it appears this was an incredibly convenient appointment to Jim Jones to make poor black people in particular dependent or appreciative of him, or to have a say in where his followers would live. It also increased his media presence. At the height of his fame, Jones approximately had a cult following of 8,000 people, consisting mainly of poor blacks.
The thing is, the heightened media attention in such a large city, also started bringing down an ever increasing amount of criticism. Thus, in July-August 1977, amidst rising controversy over his Peoples Temple, Jones left for Jonestown in Guyana, bringing the first several hundred followers with him. He would not return to San Francisco and die at Jonestown on November 18, 1978, along with his wife and many hundreds of church followers, this after members of Jonestown had shot and killed Congressman Leo Ryan, who had come to investigate the cult. The initial claim was that about 300-400 people committed suicide in the compound and that hundreds more had fled into the jungle. Unfortunately, almost everyone who fled into the jungle ended up dead at the compound in the following days, laid out in neat rows on top of each other. Jim Jones' final recorded sermon:
|"Lay down your life with dignity. Don't lay down with tears and agony. ... It's just stepping over to another plane. Don't be this way. Stop this hysterics. This is not the way for people who are Socialists or Communists to die. No way for us to die. We Must die with some dignity. ... Mother please. Please. Please. Don't do this. Don't do this. Lay down your life with your child. But don't do this. ... Keep your emotions down. ....
"It's never been done before, you say. It's been done by every tribe in history. Every tribe facing annihilation. All the Indians of the Amazon are doing it right now. They refuse to bring any babies into the world. They kill every child that comes into the world. Because they don't want to live in this kind of a world."
Some time before, Jim Jones was also recorded as saying:
|"Don't ever say hate is your enemy. Love is practically caused me to get you destroyed. If I had hated a little more, just a little more... we would have had a little less trouble. 'Cause I look at my faults analytically. Sure you got love. Principle! But don't say, "Hate is my enemy [...] and I gotta fight it day and night." And what else is the other line? "Love is the only weapon?"
"[Screaming hard:] Shit! Bullshit! Martin Luther King died with love! Kennedy died talking about something he couldn't even understand! Some kinda generalized love, and he never even backed it up! He was shot down! Bullshit! Love is the only weapon with which I got to fight? I gotta helluva a lotta weapons to fight with! I got my tools! I got cutlasses! I got guns! I got dynamite! I got a hell of a lot of fight! I'll fight! I'll fight! [Indian sounds] I will fight! I will fight! Weapon [inaudible] in the night! [Indian sounds] Ah, yes, we'll fight! Let the night roar with it! They will care! They will care! They're listening! Let the night roar with it! [Indian sounds]"
Among the most fascinated reported ties of Jim Jones is Dan Mitrione, a police chief in the town (Richmond) where Jones grew up with, whom later operated alongside Jones in Belo Horizonte in Brazil, with both being suspected at the time of being CIA agents. The main source regarding the claim that the two knew each other in Richmond appears to be John Judge. Note 79 of his lengthy 1985 article 'The Black Hole of Guyana' on this regard reads: " Personal interviews, Richmond, Indiana, 1981. Raven [The untold story of the Rev. Jim Jones and his people], p. 26 (Jones' boyhood); Hidden Terrors, A.J. Langguth (Pantheon, 1978) (Mitrione)."
Strangely, neither Raven nor Hidden Terrors mentions anything about the Dan Mitrione ties of Jones. Nor do other important early books: Hold Hands and Die! (1978) and The Children of Jonestown (1981). Actually, not a single mainstream article or book seems to talk about any ties between Mitrione and Jones. This leaves us with the personal interviews conducted by Judge, which simply are not enough evidence, especially not without any quotes. As ISGP already documented elsewhere, John Judge has spread disinformation on the JFK assassination.
However, when we manually trace the whereabout of Dan Mitrione and Jim Jones, we find that both were located in Richmond, Indiana in the 1945-1949 period and, more breathtakingly, also were operating in the same Brazilian city with pretty much the exact same roles in Belo Horizonte in the April 1962 - February 1963 period: Mitrione as a (dirty, torture-teaching, USAID-sponsored police officer) and Jones as an equally curious missionary secretly trying to establish another branch of his Peoples Temple. A few latter-day sources are talking about Jones being active in Rio de Janeiro too (where Mitrione went in early 1963), certainly in December 1963, but these reports appear to be incorrect.
In a bit more detail: Mitrione was Richmond police officer working with youths since 1945, right when Jim Jones was growing up here in this 35,000 inhabitants village, frequently walking the streets in a white robe and Bible, lecturing people at the central square. From 1960 to early 1963 Dan Mitrione was stationed as a USAID-financed police officer in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, after he want to Rio until 1967 to train the police forces in torture techniques. Coincidentally, Jim Jones and his family were residing in a well-to-do neighborhood in Belo Horizonte from April 1962 to February 1963, right until Mitrione left for Rio. The apparent reason? Jones had read Esquire magazine's January 1962 article entitled Nine Places in the World to Hide, which included Belo Horizonte. Guess where Jones and his family were situated from mid 1963 until December 1963? In Rio. Here Jones worked at the American School as a teacher, trying top convert Favela people in the evening hours. Jones did not have much success, however, apparently due to the large number of Christian missionaries already present in the area. In December 1963 he received word that his Peoples Temple back in Indiana was collapsing, so he moved back.
Ironically, only after all the above paragraphs were written and me having searched for ties between Jones and Mitrione everywhere - without success - I ran one final search specifically on the jonestown.sdsu.edu website. Turns out that in taped private conversations in September 1977 Jim Jones talked about knowing Mitrione! He considered him his antithesis: a hopelessly racist police officer back in Richmond and then in 1962-1963 in Belo Horizonte Brazil as something even worse: not just a racist police officer, but now also as one preparing the way for a CIA-backed military coup who was teaching police forces and right-wing militias how to torture suspected communist (which is exactly what Mitrione was doing). Jones, a communist, explained that he was helping members of the communist/socialist resistance and that he tried to get in touch with Mitrione, but that Mitrione refused. Jones was only able to speak to his family. Of course, this remains a really bizarre thesis-antithesis/gang-countergang situation, as we see endlessly when it involved the globalist network surrounding the Rockefellers.
It gets even stranger upon reading that in his taped private speeches, Jones is giving an example why USAID - the employer of Mitrione - was doing the work of the CIA by interrogating suspected Brazilian communists. Or that he is complaining that the wife of the (racist, CIA coup-supporting) U.S. ambassador in Brazil demanded that he fuck her in return for cash to help the poor in his religious center. He also says on the tapes that at one point a wealthy businessman took him to the U.S. embassy where he could see with his own eyes that a U.S.-backed coup was in progress.
If Jones was such an independent operator, one wonders how realistic is it that he was maintaining all these ties - good or bad - and be allowed at the U.S. embassy to watch one of the most infamous CIA coups in history in progress? Then one remembers that Jones was looked at by his neighbors in Belo Horizonte as a likely CIA agent and that his family had diplomatic cars stop by their (large, expensive) residence to drop off groceries, quite possibly to prevent the family from starving. There's also the issue that later in Guyana Jones was flanked by JFK assassination disinformer Mark Lane - who has all the hallmarks of having been a top-level CIA spook - and even Guyana CIA station chief Richard Dwyer. And then there were the various peculiar CIA operates that would soon join his cult, the Laytons and George Philip Blakey in particular. Or the support his result received from Trilateral Commission members and their families during the Carter years.
It's highly likely that Jim Jones was an antifa / "liberal CIA" / globalist deep cover agent of some sort, similar to persons as Lee Harvey Oswald, Howard Zinn and Noam Chomsky. He was just given a role and played that throughout life - as is very common these days in conspiracy disinformation networks.
- jonestown.sdsu.edu/?page_id=13143, 'An untitled collection of reminiscences by Jim Jones': "[Rikke Wettendorff:] The following is a transcription of some tapes that were made sometime in September of 1977. It was late at night and a few of us were sitting around, talking. Jim rarely talks about himself in a personal sense, but that night he started talking, and continued for several hours. We were fortunate enough to get it down on tape. In transcribing the material, I've left it pretty much unedited, except to try to indicate topics or clarify transitions in subject matter etc. I left Jim's syntax, language etc. ....
'And then there was one guy [in Brazil] I knew growing up in Richmond, a cruel, cruel person, even as a kid, a vicious racist – Dan Mitrione. I'd heard of his nefarious activities in Bella Horozonte [Belo Horizonte], and I thought, "I'll case this man out." I wasn't really inclined to do him in, not me, personally, but I certainly was inclined to inform on his activities to everybody on the Left.
But he wouldn't see me. I saw his family and they were arrogantly anti- Brazilian; nasty reactions of the children towards Brazilians, blacks etc. He was supposed to be a traffic advisor. He was known in Bella Horozonte by everybody to be something other than a mere traffic advisor. There were rumors that he participated with the military even then, doing strange things to dissenters. These military people, police people who had their after-hour vigilantes – people disappeared and were killed, tortured. Mitrione's name would come up frequently. Later he appeared in Uruguay. The Tuperamos [Tupamaros] claimed he was an advisor on torture and I sure can find that conceivable, although I have no proof of it. ...
I was clearly aware that agencies of the U.S. government followed and pursued your activities. One thing stands out clearly, although I know it's easy to get caught up in phantoms. Questions were asked at places I had visited, and one Brazilian family was questioned extensively about my activities by AID officials. AID must've played a significant role in CIA activities [AID is the umbrella Mitrione worked under]. ...
At that time [when I arrived] Brazil seemed to be moving on a course of social democracy. Guilar was progressive, but I knew something was up in Brazil, shortly after I was there, because [Jânio] Quadros, who was a people's hero of sorts, resigned without notice and left the country. It was a joint threat from the military and the CIA, and Quadros did not want to see that brutal repression introduced to Brazilians because he did not think there would be any resistance. ...
At that time Brazil seemed to be moving on a course of social democracy. ... I knew something was up in Brazil, shortly after I was there, because [President Janio] Quadros, who was a people's hero of sorts, resigned [in August 1961] without notice and left the country. It was a joint threat from the military and the CIA, and Quadros did not want to see that brutal repression introduced to Brazilians because he did not think there would be any resistance. [President Joao Goulart was overthrown in a CIA-backed coup on April 1, 1964]
While I was in Brazil I did a lot of humanitarian work. Orphanages, two orphanages I was feeding... That's where the Ambassador's wife came in. She took a shine to me, and we had all those kids to feed. ... So this Ambassador's wife offered me a pile of money if I'd fuck her, so I did [Lincoln Gordon was U.S. ambassador to Brazil 1961-1966 and a Rhodes Scholar and CFR member later involved in the Wilson Center, Brookings Institution and Atlantic Council; Gordon was deeply involved and supportive of the CIA coup; his wife was Allison Wright / Gordon]. ... There is nothing to compare with the kind of revulsion you feel when you're lying next to someone you loathe. And I loathed her, and everything she stood for – the arrogance of wealth, the racism, the cruelty. I puked afterwards, it was that bad. But I got the money and I bought food and took it to these children. Only I made that bitch go with me so she could see the other side of life. And when these half-starved Black and Brown children reached out to touch her dress to thank her, she snatched her skirt away lest they contaminate her lily white self… I could've choked her.
Anyway, here I was cut off, couldn't hardly feed our own kids. A few envelopes coming in with a few dollars, but that didn't even pay the rent on the apartment. ... There was nothing more I could do there, nothing more. Brazil was apathetic, the people were apathetic, and the likelihood of the emergence of a military junta was strong. Got out of there just in time. Later, this lady who took care of our cat wrote and said the right wing police came by the school, asking what happened to that missionary Jones. It was the right-wing cops who did their own vigilante work. They offed people from the Left, hundreds and hundreds. Took justice in their own hands and the people who they felt [needed] to meet justice were invariably revolutionaries. And I'd given assistance to various people, underground people. Got them – uh – things, tangible assistance so they could defend themselves, defend their lives. And I preached Communism openly. ...
It was getting more and more right wing all the time in the military. It was obvious. I was called one time by a businessman that I knew and he said, "Come over here, I want you to see what's going on at the Embassy." So I went over to the U.S. Embassy, and stood a ways off where I had a good view of one of the enterences [entrances], and the Brazilian military leaders were coming and going, coming and going in a steady stream. The junta was gathering… The man I was with said, "Dark clouds are gathering over Brazil. There's a real takeover to be made shortly." He sure as hell knew what he was talking about… And I got out of there just in time. ...
[Pres. John F.] Kennedy was just murdered, and it looked to me like fascism might be about to take over the country. And it would be better for me to fight fascism in my own country, rather than Brazil, where my roots were not that well established, and my following wasn't that extensive.'"
- November 27, 1978, San Jose Mercury News, 'Jones lived well, kept to himself': "During a mysterious 11-month visit to Brazil in the early 1960s [April 1962 - February 1963], Jim Jones lived well, donated food and clothing to the poor and generally kept to himself, according to neighbors. One neighbor said a U.S. Consulate car was used to do shopping for the Jones family, but the consulate described that as "highly unlikely." ...
Several neighbors said a car bearing the emblem of the U.S. Consulate would deliver groceries and other items to the Jones home from time to time. A spokesman for the consulate said it was "highly unlikely" a consulate car would have been used for such purpose. ...
Other neighbors, who asked not to be identified, said Jones would turn aside questions about his plans in Brazil, but they said his daughter Susan told them her father intended to establish a branch of his Peoples Temple in Brazil.
[Jones' Belo Horizonte neighbor] Rocha said "some people here believed he was an agent for the American CIA. I never saw him drink or smoke. He said he received a monthly payment from the U.S. government for his military service but he did not say how much." Rocha said Jones attended a church operated by American Pentacostal missionaries in a suburb of the city. "He engaged in some heated arguments with the missionaries there but I don't know what the debates were about." ...
Police officials said Jones, his wife Marceline, and their four children arrived aboard a commercial airliner on April 11, 1962, at Sao Paulo, Brazil's financial capital. ... The Jones family went on to Belo Horizonte, capital of the mining and agricultural state of Minas Gerais, where they checked into the expensive Financial Hotel, the officials said. Later, they said, Jones and his family moved into a large house at 203 Maraba Avenue, in the city's well-to-do Santo Antonio section.
A retired Brazilian engineer, Sebastiaco Carlos Rocha, who lived next door, said the Jones family "enjoyed a very expensive lifestyle." Rocha gave this account of Jones' stay in the city, about 250 miles east of Rio de Janeiro: "He lived like a rich man. Most days, he would leave the house with a suitcase at about 6 a.m. and return at around 6 or 7 p.m. He never said where he went. "During the few conversations that we had, Mr. Jones told me he was a retired U.S. Navy captain and was in Brazil to 'recuperate from the Korean War.' He said he planned to go to Argentina or Cuba after visiting Brazil.
"He was not a very communicative person and he seemed to have very few friends in Belo Horizonte. Except for his mysterious trips with the suitcase, he spent most of his time with his family at home. When he did talk, he would ramble from one subject to the next and did not seem to make much sense. At these times he seemed somewhat mentally unbalanced. Mr. Jones seemed to enjoy talking about war in general. He also displayed great preoccupation with the world's social problems and said he hated hearing anything bad about blacks and or people in general."
Rocha's teen-age daughter, Maria, said Jones' wife gave a different reason for their visit to Brazil. "She said they were here because she suffered from a lung ailment and doctors had told them that the climate here would be good for her," Maria said. ...
Police officials said Jones and his family were given temporary visas, good only for 11 months. When the visas expired in February 1963, officials said, the Jones family left the country for an undisclosed destination. Brazilian authorities said records gave no other indication Jones had visited Brazil at any other time. [Which is strange, because Jones was in Rio later in 1963]"
- November 24, 1978, O Globo, 'To Brazilians, Jim Jones was a CIA Agent'. Apparently another very revealing article in Jim Jones' activities in Belo Horizonte, including citizens seeing an American Consulate car bringing groceries and an inspector dying in the process of investigating Jones.
- September 13, 1973, Congressional Record - Senate, pp. 29584-29585: "Discharged from the U.S. Navy in October 1945 as an Aviation Machinist's Mate, First Class, [Dan Mitrione] joined the Richmond, Indiana, police force as a patrolman and by 1956 became its chief. In Richmond, he was deeply involved in youth and other community activities [while Jim Jones, the eccentric Bible-thumping street preacher, grew up here]. Like more than 6,000 other American police executives, Mitrione took a 12-week course at the National FBI Academy, but he never worked for the FBI or the CIA.
In 1960 he joined [US]AID as a professional police adviser, spending seven years in Brazil [1960-1967; Belo Horizonte 1960-1963 and Rio since early 1963], two years as an instructor in AID's International Police Academy in Washington, D.C. [1967-1969], and a final year in Uruguay [1969-1970; murdered here]. He arrived in Montevideo [Uruguay] in mid-1969 to serve as chief of the public safety effort begun four years before. The four-man program focused on improving administration, training, investigation, radio communication, mobility, and human crowd control. He and his colleagues worked under an open contract between AID and the Uruguayan government "
- June 25, 1978, New York Times, 'Death in Uruguay': "Dan Mitrione, the "good cop" from [Richmond] Indiana [when Jones was there]... Dan Mitrione went to Rio early in 1963 [with Jim Jones and family being there mid-December 1963], after several years [1960-early 1963] as a United States police adviser in the Brazilian provincial capital city of Belo Horizonte [with Jim Jones and family being there late 1961-mid 1963]... In 1967 ... Mr. Mitrione was already in the process of being rotated back to Washington, to teach at the International Police Academy [and back to Uruguay 1969-1970, where he died]."
- 1986, Joan Dassin, 'Torture in Brazil: A Report', p. 14: "Torture became a "scientific method" during the military regime in Brazil [April 1, 1964 to March 15, 1985]. ... It was practical, with persons used as guinea pigs, actually tortured in this gruesome learning process. One of the first officials to introduce this practice into Brazil was Dan Mitrione, an American police officer. As a police instructor in Belo Horizonte during the early years of the Brazilian military regime, Mitrione took beggars off the streets and tortured them in classrooms, so that the local police would learn the various ways of [inciting pain]. The practice of using live victims in torture classes contuned in Brazil [after Mitrione went to Uruguay]."
George Moscone was mayor, put in place during the 1975 elections (instated in January 1976) by Jim Jones' communist Peoples Temple cult, which had made San Francisco its primary headquarters in the early 1970s.
Moscone's San Francisco Board of Supervisors was presided over by Dianne Feinstein, who would grow to be a key superclass member over subsequent decades (Sen. 1991; Chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee 2009-2015, following up Jay Rockefeller; CFR, Bilderberg '91, Trilateral Commission, Alfalfa, Aspen Strategy Group, etc.). Dan White was a board member until November 10, 1978, when he voluntarily resigned, claiming his salary of $9,600 was not enough to sustain his family. Local business interests became worried that Moscone would appoint a more socialist-liberalist-inclined successor to the board. In response, promised to financially support White if he withdraw his resignation and stay on.
Moscone initially agreed to putting White back on the board, but went back on his word when Willie Brown (California Assemblyman 1964-1995; San Francisco mayor 1996-2004, during which he drew some controversy for apparently having been warned not to fly pre-9/11) and supervisors Carol Ruth Silver and Harvey Milk urged Moscone to seek out a more liberal and "ethnically representative" person to represent White's district (reportedly Feinstein support this notion). This "betrayal" angered White to the point he started plotting to murder Moscone, Harvey Milk and possibly the other two as well.
Meanwhile, on November 18, Congressman Leo Ryan was shot and killed by the CIA-tied Peoples Temple in Guyana, followed hours later by the mass "suicide" at Jonestown. Within a week, the Carter White House, through Zbigniew Brzezinski, initiated a major cover up to strip all Jonestown bodies of ID tags. Willie Brown and George Moscone, as well as Harvey White, all had been primary contacts and beneficiaries of Jim Jones and his Peoples Temple in San Francisco.
Dan White snuck into the mayor office's on November 27 - through a window to avoid metal detectors - 30 minutes before the press conference at which Moscone would announce White's successor. Upon being invited to the office of Moscone - with Willie Brown walking out the back at that same moment - White shot him. He reloaded, walked over to Harvey Milk's office, and murdered him too - finishing both off with two hollow-point bullets to the head. Immediately after the shooting, Feinstein, who approached White after Moscone's shooting, not knowing White was the shooter, announced to the press: "As President of the Board of Supervisors, it is my duty to inform you that both Mayor Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk have been shot and killed, and the suspect is Supervisor Dan White."
White turned himself in to a friendly police inspector, Frank Falson. White was the first person to be charged in San Francisco under its new "death penalty statue". However, He would be out in just 5 years, because he was only convicted of "voluntary manslaughter". Somehow, the jury - consisting of 7 young white women the age of a handsome Dan White, plus five men - was convinced that Dan White had acted in the heat of the moment because he had "grown depressed" in the days after not being allowed back on the board. The fact that he entered the mayor's office through a window to avoid metal detectors, and carried additional hollow-point bullets, all was not enough to convince the jury he came to the office with the intent of murdering Moscone and Milk.
To his old friend, police inspector Frank Falson, to whom he had turned himself in, White explained in 1984 - when he was out again - that he had also plotted to murder Willie Brown and Carol Ruth Silver, meaning it was premeditated murder and that White (obviously) should have received the death penalty. Falson didn't reveal White's words to the public until September 1998. He claimed he told the police about White's private confession at the time, but strangely argued that nothing was done with it because, "at the time, the city was healing. None of this was going to be helpful to anybody. It's not helpful today, except in clarifying people's minds what happened. It was just a sad time in the history."
Dan White committed suicide through carbon monoxide poisoning in 1985.
Some people have continued to be skeptical about the events due to Moscone and Milk's ties to the CIA-linked Peoples Temple, whose members committed mass suicide the week before.
- December 2, 2012 Youtube upload, 'Mayor George Moscone's Last News Interview Dan White reinstatement' (old news fragment): "As you know, most people were very surprised when Dan quit this Friday. No one seemed to know. He didn't tell any of his supervisors. Nor did he tell any of his political supporters."
- 1985, Rebecca Moore, 'A Sympathetic History of Jonestown: The Moore Family Involvement in Peoples Temple', p. 172: "Less than a year after Jim was appointed commissioner, local politicians feted him a a banquet. Carolyn said said ...: "We had every spectrum of the political arena there, from Willie Brown and Moscone and [Lt. Governor Mervyn] Dymally [under Jerry Brown, who went on to be Congressman 1981-1993] to a John Bircher, and surprisingly enough, everyone went home home extremely happy with whole thing. ... 5,000 to 7,000 there..."
- 2011, Julia Scheeres, 'A Thousand Lives: The Untold Story of Hope, Deception, and Survival at Jonestown', p. 55: "[Jim Jones'] old friend California Lieutenant Governor Mervyn Dymally wrote the Guyanese prime minister to reassure him that Jones was an upstanding citizen, and the men he helped elect [in January 1976] - Mayor [George] Moscone, City Supervisor Harvey Milk, and District Attorney Joseph Freitas - rallied behind him as well, refusing to heed calls to investigate the Temple. Moscone told reporters that there was no proof of criminal activity, only allegations of wrongdoing."
On August 21, 1977, the Temple issued an official response [of denial] to the growing media uproar. .. While Jones paced in Guyana, Temple aides in San Francisco began a massive effort to bring his followers to him. ... They knocked on apartment doors [in the middle of the night] and cheerfully inform[ed] the disoriented residents that Father had called them to the promised land. As the aides helped members pack, "coordinators" guarded the phones to prevent anyone from making calls, "reassurers" comforted those staying behind, and "troubleshooters" dealt with anyone hesitant to leave. They were told they could go to Jonestown another time, but they'd have to pay their own way. Although members were told they could visit the project for a few weeks or months and return home, this was clearly not the case from internal staff memos... Once the communards were packed, they were driven to the Temple and loaded directly into buses... To dispel suspicions of an evacuation, members left from different airports. [The result was] hundreds of empty classroom chairs and unpunched time cards, as entire communities were emptied in a matter of days. Members just vanished..."
Jim Jones' People's Temple was only able to establish itself in Guyana due to endorsements of Trilateral Commission and CFR-tied elites as Jimmy Carter, Walter Mondale, Joseph Califano, Hubert Humphrey and the NAACP. In other words, the Rockefeller establishment and the "liberal CIA" network of foundations was closely tied to the visible aspect of Jonestown.
Before becoming president, Jimmy Carter was a protege of David Rockefeller and Zbigniew Brzezinski (accused of covering up Jonestown) through the Trilateral Commission. After his presidency, he became a major superclass member who managed to take money from Black Dragon Society yakuza man/terrorist Ryoichi Sasakawa and BCCI founder (and 1001 Club member) Aga Hasan Abedi for his sustainable development projects. The cover up for the Jonestown massacre apparently came down from Carter's national security advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski.
Similarly, Walter Mondale was a member of the superclass. Mondale, among other top NGO positions, was CFR, Rand Corporation, Bretton Woods Committee, Alfalfa, Bilderberg 1974 and 1981, Trilateral Commission and chairman of the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI) 1986-1993. Later he also was involved in Global Zero and the American Himalayan Foundation. He also was a member of the super-sensitive 1975 Church Committee investigating illegal CIA operations.
Another endorser of Jim Jones' Peoples Temple was Joseph Califano, Jr. He was a key advisor to LBJ on domestic affairs and a Jimmy Carter presidential campaign advisor. He also was involved in the CFR, the Knights of Malta, the Bohemian Grove, and the elite Ditchley Foundation - and was a director of the Kaiser Family Foundation (Kaiser family of the Bohemian Grove and the CIA-linked National Committee for a Free Asia (today the Asia Foundation) with Stephen Bechtel), where psychedelic guru Timothy Leary once was employed.
Furthermore, the CIA/Rockefeller-tied senator Hubert Humphrey and the Ford Foundation-financed NAACP endorsed the Peoples Temple.
- 1985, Rebecca Moore, 'A Sympathetic History of Jonestown: The Moore Family Involvement in Peoples Temple', pp. 173-174: "At a February 11, 1979 press conference, [Guyana Prime Minister] Burnham told reporters "that when Deputy Prime Minister [Ptolemy] Reid met Mondale in Washington at the Panama Treaties signing ceremonies in September l977, the vice president had asked Reid 'How's Jim?', thus indicating a personal interest in the Peoples Temple leader.""
- 1981, Kenneth Wooden, The Children of Jonestown, pp. 141, 196: "Many of the survivors of the People's Temple were bitter toward the President and Mrs. Carter as well. After Jim Jones' highly publicized meeting with Mrs. Carter and his public endorsement of her husband, a number of ex-members wrote the First Lady. Mickey Touchette remembered: We told her what he was doing and what was involved and what kind of a man he was, and she turned a deaf ear to us. ... All the politicians knew, the whole bureaucratic structure of the country knew about Jim Jones, and they, too, turned a deaf ear to us." Guyanese officials contend that even those among them who had great doubts about Jones let him "slide through" because higher-ups in that country felt Jones "had great clout in the White House." For an administration that has so loudly espoused the cause of human rights around the world, the record of the Carter government in the Jonestown affair raises serious questions about the nature of this commitment. ...
The first chore of the troops was to bayonet the bloated bodies to release the internal gases caused by the hot sun and high humidity. The second was more controversial. Although Ordell Rhodes and Stanley Clayton had returned to the compound the first morning to help identify the dead, "on orders from very high up ... all politically sensitive papers and forms of identification were removed from the corpses. Photos on the cover of Newsweek and other magazines and newspapers clearly show that many of the bodies had ID tags on them. Joel Cobb and John Stoen, who are now among the unidentified children, were initially, positively identified. Jim Cobb told NBC News in March 1979, "My brother [Johnny Cobb] saw tags on the people's bodies, and only two members of my family have been identified and I want to know why." Lt. Gen. Gordon Sumner later was reported to have said, "It was the first time in [his] military career that [he] saw [his] men politicized." In view of the fact that the order to strip the IDs [from Jonestown victims] came from Robert Pastor, of the staff of Zbigniew Brzezinski, President Carter's national security adviser, it is clear that the impulse was to save any possible embarrassment to the Carter administration."
- October 14, 2014, David Conn at jonestown.sdsu.edu, 'Jonestown: The Cult That Never Went Away': "It's important here to detail the role played by Rosalynn Carter, wife of President Jimmy Carter. She became enthralled with Jim Jones when she visited San Francisco with then-vice presidential candidate Walter Mondale during the 1976 campaign. She spoke from Jones's pulpit, and also had a private dinner with him at a posh San Francisco restaurant. They continued to correspond by letter after that. Rosalynn was obviously captivated with Jones. So it is logical to assume that she praised Jones in her subsequent conversations with her husband after he became president."
- November 21, 1978, Nashua Telegraph, 'Carter, Mondale Letters Among Rev. Jones Papers': "A sheaf of endorsements attributed to dozens of prominent Americans, including first lady Rosalyn Carter and Vice President Walter Mondale, apparently bought time for the Rev. Jim Jones when criticism mounted against his religious colony in. Jones appears to have used the references for himself and his People's Temple both to establish his colony in Guyana and then to stave off allegations of mistreatment and brutality. The Guyanese government released the papers Monday, with shock still registering over the deaths of Jones and more than 400 sect members in a murder-suicide pact the day after the slayings of Rep. Leo Ryan. D-Calif., and four others at an airstrip near the settlement. Minister of State Christopher Nascimento said he didn't want to embarrass any of the purported letter writers but Guyana wanted to show why it had permitted the People's Temple to settle there. The attack on Ryan's group and the mass suicides made it appear "we allowed a bunch of crazies into Guyana," Nascimento said, "but in fact the Rev. Jones presented references of the highest caliber."
Many of those quoted in the documents said they couldn't remember talking to Jones, writing letters for him or making speeches about him or his church. ... Donneter Lane, executive director of the San Francisco Council of Churches [was one of the letter writers.]
[Jim] Jones wrote to Mrs. Carter on March 17, 1977, saying he had missed meeting evangelist Ruth Carter Stapleton, President Carter's sister, during her trip to San Francisco. He also said that after a trip to Cuba, he found the country was "badly in need of hospital equipment." Mrs. Carter, in a hand-written note on White House stationery, wrote to Jones on April 12, 1977, saying: "Dear Jim, Thank you for your letter. I enjoyed being with you during the campaign — and do hope you can meet Ruth soon. Your comments about Cuba are helpful. I hope your suggestion can be acted on in the near future. Sincerely, (signed) Rosalynn Carter."
Jones also provided letters of endorsement from Joseph Hall, president of the [the massively Ford Foundation-financed and later-on also George Soros-financed] San Francisco chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People [NAACP], and Jeff Mon, director of the [certainly Tides Foundation-financed and who knows what else] Japanese Community Youth Council of San Francisco. Neither was available for comment Monday night. Excerpts of statements from dozens of other figures also were included. But Guyanese Minister of State Christopher Nascimento, who is visiting here, said Monday it was not known under what circumstances the undated excerpts were made.
Mondale is quoted in the excerpts as saying, "I am grateful... for... the work of the People's Temple Christian Church in defending the First Amendment guarantees of freedom of the press ... and in running the ranch for handicapped children." And Health, Education and Welfare Secretary Joseph Califano is quoted as saying, "Your committment and compassion, your humanitarian principles and your interest in protecting individual liberty and freedom have made an outstanding contribution to furthering the cause of human dignity." Neither Mondale nor Califano were immediately available for comment.
The excerpts also quote government officials who have left office, such as former Sen. Sam Ervin and former Rep. Bella Abzug, or who have died. including former Sens. Hubert Humphrey [democrat; international advisory council of the CIA and Rockefeller-Ford-Carnegie foundations-financed/controlled Africa-America Institute in the 1970s] and [the Democrat] Philip Hart. Mrs. Abzug was quoted as saying: "I was most impressed to hear of the good works your church is doing. You are showing the kind of commitment to social justice wich our nation so desperately needs." However, on Monday, spokeswoman Mim Kelber said Mrs. Abzug has "no recollection" of having written a letter endorsing Jones or the church. She said Mrs. Abzug never met Jones."
- 1982, Tim Reiterman, 'Raven: The Untold Story of the Rev. Jim Jones and His People': "John Birch Society leader Walter Heady. The friendship of Heady and Jones was based largely upon personality. Heady's raspy declarations and iron-clad conviction--regardless of his right-wing beliefs--impressed Jones; here was an enemy with whom he could hit it off as a human being. Heady visited the Jones household, and Jones ordered a church newsletter article about Heady and his wife. Jones even invited Heady to make presentations and show Bircher films at the Redwood Valley and San Francisco churches under the justification of "knowing your enemy.""
Ties to Grenada's Sir Eric Gairy
Sir Eric Gairy (1922-1997): Rockefeller Standard Oil employee from about 1945 to 1949, when he came back to Grenada, established the Grenada Labour Party and became the country's leading workers' rights and social reform campaigner in opposition to the British colonialists. Chief minister in British-ruled Grenada 1961-1962, premier/prime minister 1967-1974, and Grenada's first prime minister from his country's independence in 1974 to his overthrow in March 1979 by communist guerrilla Maurice Bishop.
During his term, Gairy was a dictatorial socialist who tortured and murdered opponents. Privately he was into spiritual affairs including witchcraft, voodoo, demonic possession, and UFOs - much, if not all, of it inspired by globalist-linked disinformers. On November 23, 1978 he was at the UNited Nations with later Coast to Coast AM UFO disinformers Jacques Vallee, Dr. J. Allen Hynek (his protege Don Schmitt became C2C, with both being huge Roswell disinformers), and Lee Speigel, trying to set up a UFO investigative branch within the UN. Only just before, Vallee and Hynek aided Steven Spielberg in the creation of the UFO movie Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977) - largely centered around Vallee - with Spielberg having invited this entire group of UFO researchers to his office in preparation for the United Nations meeting. Spielberg's movie also included a team of UN-employed anomalies/UFO researchers.
In October 1983 Gairy's Castro-allied communist overthrower Maurice Bishop - a feminism and anti-racism crusader who dropped illiteracy from 35% to 5% and unemployment from 50% to 14% - himself was overthrown by his deputy. After trying to flee, with massive assistance from protestors, Bishop was recaptured and executed, along with members of his former cabinet. The new leader, Bernard Coard, was in the process of starting a brutal military dictatorship when, after six days, his country was invaded by the United States under Reagan and Bush. With Coard in prison, Gairy returned, and turned out to still be remarkably popular among poor farm workers. The U.S. supported Herbert Blaize and his Grenada National Party (GNP), urged him to form anti-Gairy allegiances, and eventually beat Gairy in the 1984 elections 59% versus 35%. Gairy was never able to get himself elected again.
- February-April 1980, National Intelligence Act of 1980: Hearings Before the Select Committee on Intelligence of the United States Senate, p. 565: "Grenada, a small island nation near Guyana, has already been taken into the Communist sphere of influence, despite our support for the government of Sir Eric Gairy, which fell in March, 1979. It is of interest to note that Gairy and Jim Jones were close enough for Gairy to visit Jones at the Peoples Temple in San Francisco prior to Jones' departure to Guyana. A photograph of the two together appears in a book "The Suicide Cult" written by a San Francisco Chronicle reporter, Ron Javers. It has been reported that Jim Jones had planned to escape to Grenada with a select group of supporters following the mass murders in Jonestown. Jones did not intend to die in Jonestown. No paraffin tests were ever made on his hands to determine if he had fired a gun. It is now known that more than one million dollars of Peoples' Temple money was deposited in a Grenada bank."
- August 25, 1997, The Independent, 'Obituary: Sir Eric Gairy': "Early in his working life [after working at the American Naval Base at Chaguaramas during World War II from late 1941 to 1944 or 1945] he emigrated to the Standard Oil[-owned] refinery [Lago Oil and Transport Co.] on the industrialised Dutch island of Aruba in search of the betterment his own island could not offer him. He returned with a vengeance [in 1949] and in the 1950s set out to master and ridicule the conventions of the colonial establishment based in the capital St George's, in order to teach his growing number of followers self-respect. ... In 1950 he founded the Grenada Manual and Mental Workers Union [which soon became the] Grenada United Labour Party (GULP)... He went on to incite domestic servants to revolt against a regime which required them to work 15 hours a day. They loved him. ... When in 1951 the Governor had Gairy put on a boat to the sister island of Carriacou, crowds blocked the roads and rioted till the Royal Navy was called and police reserves summoned from as far afield as Jamaica. ...
He charmed his constituents when helping Jennifer Hosten (Miss Grenada) win the Miss World competition in London in 1970, but his publicity exploits were overshadowed by his ruthless authoritarianism. This was enforced by his Mongoose Gang of thugs at whose hands no one on Grenada was safe. He took to saying, "He who opposes me opposes God". ...
[In 1973 he sought] support from the most unlikely and disreputable sources [to quash left-wing opposition], including General Augusto Pinochet, the dictator of Chile, who sent Gairy the arms he could not get from anywhere else. ...
As his brutality and extravagances continued the New Jewel Movement (NJM), an amalgam of young social democrat and Leninist politicians, grew in strength, led by the remarkable Maurice Bishop whose father Rupert had been murdered by Gairy's men.
In March 1979 the NJM took advantage of his departure from the country for the UN General Assembly where he was striving to have flying saucers put on the agenda and ousted him. ... He returned to fight elections in 1984, 1990 and 1995 but his magic had left him."
- July 24, 2015 YouTube upload by "AP Archive", 'SYND 20 3 79 WITCHCRAFT EVIDENCE IN HOUSE OF FORMER PRIME MINISTER GAIRY': "(18 Mar 1979) The house of the former Prime Minister of Grenada Eric Gairy, has been ransacked which has unearthed what is said to be evidence of his witchcraft and voodoo. Amongst his possessions are books on witchcraft. An interview with the new Prime Minister, Morris Bishop on the findings in the house is featured." One of two books shown is Hostage to the Devil (1976) of Malachi Martin, a Coast to Coast AM disinformer on demonic possession.
- March 31, 1997, vol. 7, no. 9, The Grenada Newsletter, pp. 8-10, 'Gairy's Witchcraft Room': "Deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy probably practiced witchcraft. After the coup d'etat of March 13th, several strange objects and books were found at his official residence, Mount Royal...
[Only a room of] some 10 feet by 12 feet and was furnished with a double bed and small tables, two of which may have been used as alters. [Found:] crucifixes, statues of saints, rosaries, rogether with balls of indigo, pieces of salt-petre and small bags of a white powder. ... evidence of the burning of candles. ... There were two black robes and a multicoloured robe of blue, yellow and green. There was also a cape of blue, green and orange... Other paraphernalia included a bishop;s staff, a heddress in the shape of a crown, a wooden sword, incense sticks and a great number of candles of various colours. There were several bibles in the room together with other books which suggested witchcraft. Among these were 'The Truth About Witchcraft" by Hans Holzer [also writer of The UFO-Nauts; had at least one of his books published by the CIA-linked Regnery publishing company], "Journeys Out Of The Body" by Robert Monroe [later Coast to Coast AM guest], and "Hostage To The Devil" by Malachi Martin [later Art Bell / Coast to Coast AM guest]. In the last mentioned, the fly-leaf indicates that it was presented to Mr Gairy by Mr Robert Hunt, an ex-Jesuit priest who managed The Grenadian Company, an organization which, at one time, ran an international lottery from Grenada.
Also among the books was "The Twelve Blessings - The Cosmic Concept as given by the Master Jesus". This book is written by Dr. George King [wrote the 1955 book Contacts With the Gods from Space with later Coast to Coast AM guest Richard Lawrence, who appeared in 2003, 2004, 2007 and 2010], "Chairman and Founder of The Aetherius Society", and, in the foreword, Dr King says this Society is "privileged by being chosen as the Organisation through which Jesus, Himself, gave the Sacred Truths known as The Twelve Blessings." ... The tone of this book is set at the beginning of the first chapter and may give some insite [sic] into Mr Gairy's preoccupation with Unidentified Flying Objects (UFO). [Jesus telling George King in an alien space ship that he will be] "a Leader Among men of Earth, in this their New Age.""
- First off, Guyana's prime minister, president and strongman from 1964 to 1985 (the Jonestown massacre took place here in 1978), was Forbes Burnham, who reportedly was on the CIA payroll, along with a good number of other known world leaders:
- February 19, 1977, Washington Post, 'White House Reviewing Intelligence Operations': "The Dalai Lama [a decades-long globalist Rockefeller ally], the exiled god-king of Tibet, was on the CIA payroll for some time after he fled to India in 1959 to escape the Communist Chinese take over of Tibet... It is also not known if these payments continue.
The sources said that there are six to eight other leaders of countries who have at one time or another received covert payments from the CIA.
It was learned, meanwhile, that the court-censored manuscript of a book by two former government intelligence officers named [King] Hussein [of Jordan - and also part of the CIA's Cercle group] along with [the Rockefeller Foundation-educated] Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya, Joseph Mobutu of Zaire [of the Prince Bernhard-Rockefeller-Rothschild-Bechtel-tied 1001 Club], Forbes Burnham of Guyana [on whose watch the 1978 CIA-tied Jonestown massacre took place], Nuguyen Van Thieu of South Vietnam [who was a reported CIA drug trafficking partner] and Willy Brandt of West Germany as national leaders who had secret financial relationships with the CIA."
- February 19, 1977, Washington Post, 'White House Reviewing Intelligence Operations': "The Dalai Lama [a decades-long globalist Rockefeller ally], the exiled god-king of Tibet, was on the CIA payroll for some time after he fled to India in 1959 to escape the Communist Chinese take over of Tibet... It is also not known if these payments continue.
- Mark Lane was a lawyer to Jim Jones and his cult, and claimed to Jim Jones that he wanted to aid the cult in trying to prove a (right-wing) CIA conspiracy against it. He was evacuated along with the CIA's Richard Dwyer just before the mass suicides began. Mark Lane was a very key JFK assassination researcher/manipulator of the early years and a major critic of the Warren Commission. He also served as lawyer to the pro-Nazi conspiracy disinformation outfit the Liberty Lobby.
- February 4, 1979, New York Times, 'Mark Lane and People's Temple: A Cause to Back, Then Condemn': "Mr. Lane praised Mr. Jones and described Jonestown as an unarmed, peaceful, socialist‐agrarian community whose success made it an embarrassment to the United States. Mr. Lane also said that no one was being held there against his will.
In his memo Mr. Lane recommended that the Temple retain him to conduct "a full‐scale investigation," principally by filing requests for Government records under the Freedom of Information Act. ...
Mr. Lane never filed any Freedom of Information requests or suits on the Temple"s behalf. Miss Brown said later that all he had done was encourage the paranoia of Mr. Jones and his followers. "And really," she added, "he didn"t do anything constructive to help us out of it." ...
Asked recently about the source for his allegations of C.I.A. efforts to destroy Jonestown, Mr. Lane said: "A large part came from Joe Mazor. I don't know whether to believe him or not."
On Oct. 2, the day before the news conference, Mr. Lane traveled to Ukiah, Calif., where the People's Temple had been based before moving to San Francisco, to interview two other critics of the Temple, Kathy Hunter, a local newspaper reporter, and Dr. Steven Katsaris, a psychiatrist whose daughter, Maria, had become Mr. Jones's mistress.
Dr. Katsaris said Mr. Lane did not identify himself as a lawyer but rather as "a journalist working on an article to be printed in Esquire magazine."
"I asked him why his name was familiar," Dr. Katsaris recalled, "and he said maybe it was from something he had written." Mr. Lane proceeded to question him not only about his daughter, Dr. Katsaris said, but also about a lawsuit he had brought against the Temple.
Clay Felker, the editor of Esquire, said his magazine had never assigned Mr. Lane to write an article on the People's Temple or anything else. The lawyer's code of professional responsibility mandates that "in his representation of a client, a lawyer shall not knowingly make a false statement of law or fact.""
- May 12, 2016, New York Times, 'Mark Lane, Early Kennedy Assassination Conspiracy Theorist, Dies at 89': "Mr. Lane moved to Charlottesville in the 1970s and practiced law there. In the late '70s he represented Jim Jones, leader of the California-based People's Temple cult. Mr. Lane was in Jonestown, Guyana, where Jones and his followers had moved, on Nov. 18, 1978, the day that Representative Leo Ryan was killed and more than 900 other people died of cyanide poisoning. Mr. Lane survived by fleeing into the jungle. He wrote about Jones and the deaths in "The Strongest Poison" (1979).
In the mid-1980s Mr. Lane successfully defended the far-right Liberty Lobby and its publication, The Spotlight, in a defamation case brought by E. Howard Hunt, the C.I.A. agent and Watergate co-conspirator. ...
"I've earned all of the friends I have in the world — Bertrand Russell, Eleanor Roosevelt, Dick Gregory, just as an example of them," Mr. Lane says in the film."
- February 4, 1979, New York Times, 'Mark Lane and People's Temple: A Cause to Back, Then Condemn': "Mr. Lane praised Mr. Jones and described Jonestown as an unarmed, peaceful, socialist‐agrarian community whose success made it an embarrassment to the United States. Mr. Lane also said that no one was being held there against his will.
- 2006, Evidence of Revision documentary, Part 5, 1:12:00, Jonestown cult section: "[Joseph Holsinger, legislative aide to the murdered Leo Ryan:] Soon I came back from Washington, because of my testimony I started getting documentation from a Berkeley psychologist called The Penal Colony, here, and from the Alliance for the Preservation for Religious Liberty in Washington, which indicated other things. One of which was that George Philip Blakey was a top Jones aide and he was the man who arranged the purchase or the piece of the land in Guyana, provided the money and arrangements there in 1974. He was also tracked as being a CIA operative in Angola in 1975 with UNITA. He's also the same guy - who was a top aide who arranged all this purchasing and the finances – is also the husband of Deborah Layton Blakey who fled Jonestown and made those charges. He's a brother-in-law of Larry Layton, who was acquitted yesterday. ...
[John Judge, a curious individual himself:] Many of them survived because they cooperated with the plan and were meant to survive. That's the case with the basketball team and other people. They eventually got to Georgetown [Guyana] and eventually came to the United States. Some of them were out on a ship. The ones that were on the boat with Blakey went to Trinidad. Then they went to Panama and emptied a $5 million bank account in Credit Suisse and then they went to Grenada. They set up shop in Grenada, I believe in the mental hospital there with Doctor [Peter] Bourne and his father [Dr. Geoffrey Bourne] who worked in MKULTRA research with primates. Bourne set up all the methadone programs in the United States for the Rockefellers [certainly for Jimmy Carter, along with life-long friend Robert DuPont]. I think they were experimenting on the mental patients because that's the only building bombed in the invasion of Grenada."
- 2006, Evidence of Revision documentary, Part 5, 1:12:00, May 23, 1980 presentation of Joseph Holsinger, legislative aide to the murdered Leo Ryan: "As I had appeared on a public television several months ago with a group of black professionals, mostly psychologists and doctors. They advised me to appear today to provide information that they thought might be able to help with this forum today, with their research. I appeared in Washington in February before the International Relations Committee and made some statements and some charges and [provided] some documentation which resulted in the Foreign Relations – Foreign Affairs Committee, or International Relations Committee, as we call it today. They voted to ask the House Select Committee on Intelligence to investigate my charges and they are currently investigating those charges…
The charges basically point to CIA contact with … government there and with the People's Temple. … They used the People's Temple almost as enforcers to help support an unpopular government there, to keep control of the government of Guyana [headed by the CIA-financed Forbes Burnham]. There had been an article in the San Mateo Times in December of 79 which indicated that the deputy chief of mission there, Richard Dwyer, was, in fact, the CIA station chief. He was the one who went to Jonestown with Leo [Ryan]'s party and he claimed to be slightly wounded, but there's a tape made at the time of the murders and suicides there with Jones yelling, "Get Dwyer out of here! Get Dwyer out of here!" ... There are great questions just who shot Jim Jones and why, whether Jones was shot to shut him up. The question also is as to how all these people died and just when they died, which is all documented here.
But soon I came back from Washington, because of my testimony I started getting documentation from a Berkeley psychologist called The Penal Colony, here, and from the Alliance for the Preservation for Religious Liberty in Washington, which indicated other things. One of which was that George Philip Blakey was a top Jones aide and he was the man who arranged the purchase or the piece of the land in Guyana, provided the money and arrangements there in 1974. He was also tracked as being a CIA operative in Angola in 1975 with UNITA. He's also the same guy - who was a top aide who arranged all this purchasing and the finances – is also the husband of Deborah Layton Blakey who fled Jonestown and made those charges. He's a brother-in-law of Larry Layton, who was acquitted yesterday. And it's interesting to note that the [Pezinsko??] Times Tribune says yesterday: "The jury has cleared … The jury agreed with the defense contention that Layton was brainwashed and drugged at the time of shootings and could not be held criminally responsible."
But the jest of what I'm getting to is this: I received a lot of documentation, which I will provide you with here today, that indicates the strong possibility that Jonestown and the People's Temple was in reality a mass mind control experiment conducted by the CIA as a follow-up to something called MKULTRA, which they conducted from the early 50s through 1974. They used to use the VA hospital, the state hospitals. They used the federal penitentiary for their experiments. …
I do now [think that Jim Jones was actively involved with the CIA]. … Yes, I have part of our documentation here is a report, which is attached here. The chief medical examiner in Guyana is a doctor named C. Leslie Mootoo. He reported, and this is attached here. His opinion is that more than 700 of those bodies found at Jonestown were not suicide victims but were murdered. They base this on the injection marks on the upper arms [in the back], page 4 of my statement here. Yes, and by gunfire. There were a lot more people killed by gunfire than they have ever admitted so far. We have heard reports that there were about 50 men with guns ringing around there, so people couldn't get out. Very few of them did get out. So according to the chief medical officer in Guyana, most of the people down there were murdered, not suicide.
Yes, I am suggesting to you that a lot of things don't make sense here. I'm suggesting that the long delay in anyone getting in, of the press getting in there, or very little getting in there for several days, was caused by a deliberate attempt to manufacture the story which has now been accepted and sold successfully to the American people: that, in effect, this was a large group of disillusioned or rather disoriented black people who went down to Guyana and turned their backs on this country and committed suicide and we might as well get rid of them. …
When you see the documentation here, you'll begin to wonder yourselves why there were first reports of 350 people died or 400 people died and for several days that was reported. Then they started finding more bodies, when the first reports were that 500 had fled into the jungle. The people that examined the bodies the first time and counted them, counted by name and [inaudible]: men, women and children, turned them over. Then a few days they claim to have found two or three stacks of bodies underneath those. You know, it boggles the mind, the stories that were passed out. But they apparently have gotten away with, I think, one the biggest fabrications of recent years. …
The cadre was all white and yet we think of Jonestown as a bunch of black people who committed suicide without mentioning that white cadre. And that doesn't quite add up. I think there were racist overtones to the whole thing. …
It's my impression at this time that they were conducting some sort of mind control experiment. For example, they had a very modern hospital down there which they bragged about. So modern, that that population, they had medical checkups for everyone every day. There's no need for that unless you are conducting experiments where you are having control groups and they're giving them their vitamins every day. And it's my guess that they were just using them as guinea pigs to see what they could do under isolated circumstances. They take them off to some jungle place faraway from everybody. They get them there somehow and then they are able to see how these various drugs work on different groups."
- 2006, Evidence of Revision documentary, Part 5, 1:18:40, John Judge: "Well, Doctor Mootoo, the pathologist at the site in Jonestown said that 70 to 80 percent of the bodies had a fresh needle mark in the back of the left shoulder blade, at a point they could not have reached themselves. And that the bodies showed evidence of having been forced to take the shots. And the official coroner's verdict from Matthew's Riggs by the Guyanese judge and jury who looked into the situation, was that all the people had been murdered. Not one had been a suicide. Mootoo found evidence of gunshot wounds and strangulation on many of the other bodies. I studied about 150 pictures on which I could see gunshot wounds. There's no way that cyanide pathology explains the condition of those bodies, all face down and you could see drag marks.
And the body count went up, because the area was surrounded by 350 Guyanese troops, about 200 British Blackwatch troops, which were their equivalent of the Green Berets, on maneuvers at Matthew's Ridge in those days, and American Green Berets which came in with the body clean-up teams that spent the period of the five days murdering people, rounding them up in the jungle. The original reports were 408 dead and then 700 flee into the woods. And the military said first, "The Guyanese can't count," second that "it was bodies on top of bodies," though how you start with 408 and end up with 915 and say that the 400 covered the 500 makes no sense. They said bodies in little piles. They even said at the end, after they'd been there for six days, that they forgot to go around to the back of the pavilion and there were 500 bodies back there. And this was the final and official explanation, but these people were being killed.
I don't know where all the survivors are. Many of them survived because they cooperated with the plan and were meant to survive. That's the case with the basketball team and other people. They eventually got to Georgetown [Guyana] and eventually came to the United States. Some of them were out on a ship. The ones that were on the boat with Blakey went to Trinidad. Then they went to Panama and emptied a $5 million bank account in Credit Suisse and then they went to Grenada.
They set up shop in Grenada, I believe in the mental hospital there with Doctor [Peter] Bourne and his father [Dr. Geoffrey Bourne] who worked in MKULTRA research with primates. Bourne set up all the methadone programs in the United States for the Rockefellers. I think they were experimenting on the mental patients because that's the only building bombed in the invasion of Grenada. There's 180 people, inmates, in the psychiatric institution murdered, dumped into a mass grave and then the U.S. was gonna send $400 million to rebuild the hospital. I mean, you know, they were gonna make it a better unit to experiment on people after they got the right government in. …
There were guns and drugs being smuggled out [of Sierra Leone] and there were relations of mercenaries. Some of these killers that were taken in and out of Angola, where the CIA backed UNITA forces, by Blakey - they ran mercenaries and they did run guns and drugs.
But the operation was primarily an extension of MKULTRA. People were taken off the streets here in San Francisco, out of the welfare rolls, from the elderly homes, and from the psychiatric institutions, prisons. Children were given as wards to the court, turned over into their control. They put them in busses, they took them to Miami. And I talked to an air traffic controller and when they landed in Guyana, all of the blacks were bound and gagged coming off of the plane. People 5 miles away didn't even know there were blacks at Jonestown. All they had ever seen at the People's Temple was the white crew that was running it, going in and out of the cities. They were buying Guyanese babies from women wherever they could. They were given a blanket for a baby, or whatever, and taking them back in there.
There was massive experimentation. There were enough drugs on site to drug the population of Georgetown, Guyana of over 120,000, for more than a year [and this] for a population of 1,200 people in this camp. Dr. Schacht, whom I believe survived – he's not on the first death list; he's added to the second – I believe he's related to Hjalmar Schacht, the Reich's minister of finance who developed the phrase "Arbeit macht frei", "Work makes you free", at the Auschwitz camp. They came to Houston. That's where the Schacht family ended up, the big bankers for Hitler. And this guy is from Houston and he's not a doctor. He was described as doing suturing on wounds without anesthesia and all kinds of sadistic things.
They had medical tags. You can even see in Time magazine medical tags on the people, but an order came down from Zbigniew Brzezinski, through [Alexander] Haig, through Robert Pastor, on site [to Lt. Col. Gordon Sumner] to strip bodies of all identification and tags. Then the bodies are left in the sun to rot, so that no fingerprints, no identification can be done from the tags and no autopsy can be done, fluids or otherwise, by the time they get taken back to the United States so you can never find out what killed them or how many drugs they had in the body. They had one footlocker there with 11,000 doses of Thorazine. And the drugs that are described, are the exact drugs that were used for over 30 years in MKULTRA in the different control scenarios."
- The earlier-mentioned Dr. Peter Bourne family information (they actually seem rather moderate and progressive "liberal CIA" types):
- 2006, Evidence of Revision documentary, Part 5, 1:07:50, some of the last words of Jim Jones that were taped, right when he announced to his flock that they were all going to commut suicide: "Take Dwyer on down the East House. Get Dwyer out of here before something happens to him. Dwyer! I'm not talking about Ujiah! I said Dwyer!"
- July 21, 1988, New York Times, 'Dr. Geoffrey Bourne, Anatomist; Primate Expert a Prolific Writer': "Dr. Geoffrey H. Bourne, an anatomist and expert on primates, died... He popularized his experiences with apes and other primates in numerous books... He appeared on the ''Johnny Carson Show'' on television, describing how he taught chimpanzees to communicate by typing on a computer. ... He was 78 years old and maintained homes in Atlanta and on the island of Grenada. At his death Dr. Bourne was vice chancellor and professor of nutrition at St. George's University School of Medicine in Grenada. He had served as director of the Yerkes Regional Primate Center at Emory University in Atlanta from 1962 to 1978. ...
He retired in 1978 and then took the position at the 1,500-student medical school in Grenada. He was there in 1983 when a coup by a revolutionary council brought an invasion by United States military forces. President Reagan cited the rescue of the students, most of them Americans, as a reason for the invasion. ...
Dr. Bourne was born in Perth, Australia... He had also taught histology at the University of London and physiology at Oxford University, from which he received a doctorate in 1943. In World War II he was a nutritional adviser to the British forces in Burma and held the rank of lieutenant colonel. He was a fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine, the American Gerontology Society and the Zoological Society of London. He was a founder and president of the Zoological Society of Atlanta. He is survived by ... two sons, Dr. Peter Bourne of Washington, who was an adviser to President Carter on drugs..."
- Undated, PBS Frontline, 'Interview: Peter Bourne': "I had been hired by President Carter [a Trilateral Commission favorite], who was then the governor of Georgia, to set up a statewide drug treatment program. ...
One of my longtime friends and college classmates, Robert DuPont [BA Emory University 1958; MD in psychology Harvard 1963; involved in carrying out the first methadone test treatments in 1969, which eventually helped cut the crime rate in half; White House drug czar under Nixon and Ford 1973-1977], was already running the drug treatment program in Washington, D.C. Governor Carter said that he wanted me to set that up in all the major cities in Georgia. So I agreed. A group of half-dozen of us was running programs, mainly methadone maintenance programs, in major cities around the country. ... We had already made the decision that he would run. We had a small group, just four or five people, working with Carter in 1972, actually beginning before McGovern's defeat. We were preparing a plan for the four-year strategy for Carter to run for president. When Bud Krogh came and invited me to come to Washington, I talked to Carter about whether or not I should take the job. He said, "You take it, and as soon as they are ready to formally announce that I'm running for president, you can leave there and set up the Washington campaign office in the presidential race," which is in fact what I did. ... When Carter came in, I was appointed to that position.
So I was essentially the first drug czar with a total responsibility for foreign police, law enforcement, treatment. We also involved the CIA, the Coast Guard, Treasury, and anybody else in the federal government--all coordinated together in one policymaking group, and under one office. ...
The policy that we enunciated was that this was a public health problem, that each drug needed to be dealt with separately because of the different strategy of approach was required for each drug. Heroin was the major public health problem. ...
We did not view marijuana as a significant health problem... marijuana smoking, in fact if one wants to be honest, is a source of pleasure and amusement to countless millions of people in America... Where a drug posed a serious health threat, there was an intensive focus to provide a treatment program. ... The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, NORML, had had a steep decline in its membership after Carter came in office, and talked about decriminalization as a more rational approach towards marijuana smoking. ...
I guess it was the  annual meeting of NORML or something--where Keith Stroup invited me to come and speak about the administration's policy, which I did. And I could see when I was speaking that there were people in the back of the hall smoking joints. I did tell Keith at that point that that just created a big problem for me, because I couldn't be there. I couldn't be in charge of drug policy and have people visibly breaking the law in my presence.
There was another annual meeting which may be the one you are referring to, which I either couldn't go to or didn't want to go to because of the previous event. And he said, "I understand that, but tonight we're having a party at the home of William Paley," who was the son of the owner of CBS television. And he said, "Please come by, because people are very upset that you didn't come and speak at our former sessions, and it would be nice if you came to my party." So I went to that party, where again, people were using drugs. And I didn't stay there terribly long and I left. That was the last I heard of that party until many months later. ...
Then Keith [Stroup] said [during the media frenzy about me having prescribed a dozen regular sedatives for someone], "Six months ago, he was at this party given by William Paley, and there was coke being used there, and I'm sure he was one of the people who used coke," which again was not true. But there was no doubt coke was being used at that party. ...
I think [the tide on marijuana decriminalization changing in 1978] probably had to do with the ebbing support for President Carter. He was in serious trouble because of the economy [and] Conservative hard-liners... were attacking him from the right, saying to increase defense spending. ...
I only came to realize later the extent to which bureaucratic wars in Washington often transcend the pursuit of policy, and that one of the objectives in DEA always was to increase the budget and its influence in Washington. One way of doing that was to always say that the drug problem is getting worse... If you're winning the war against heroin, and the person in the White House says we have reduced overdose deaths to the lowest levels in the last 30 years, everybody in DEA says, "They're going to cut our budget. They're going to reduce our agents. Some of us are going to be laid off." ...
I still believe that [cocaine is not dangerous]. Cocaine itself, powdered cocaine, poses a fairly minimal health risk. It's been widely used for thousands of years. ... It's an exciting euphoria-producing recreational drug. Most people who get into difficulty with it do so because they have preexisting emotional problems, and they use the cocaine as a way of trying to self-medicate those problems, and become increasingly dependent on it. I'm not saying there aren't people who don't get into serious difficulty with cocaine. But there are people who kill themselves skiing because they run into trees. That is the nature of the risk that you take on if you enjoy that experience. ... In 1978, seven people in the US died from the effects of cocaine. Two of them were people who were smuggling. ... If you compare it to 400,000 dying every year in the US from the effects of cigarettes, it's absurd to look at cocaine as a health problem. ... Ten percent of the US is alcoholic--has a problem that seriously impairs their functioning due to the use of alcohol. ...
There was a dramatic change when the Reagan administration came in, because they essentially abandoned completely the public health approach to the problem of drug abuse. They equated on moral grounds the use of any of these drugs as being equal to each other... You had a sort of insane policy of "Just Say No," which is like telling someone who's depressed, "Have a Nice Day." And essentially it's an abdication of any responsibility for dealing with the problem, and an effort really just to exploit it politically. And that's what happened. Build more prisons, arrest more people. .. You hadin certain respects the use of cocaine, crack cocaine, and the laws against it, as a way of sort of ethnically cleansing young African-American men from the inner cities of America. ...
When Reagan first came in, I would call the National Institute on Drug Abuse every month to get the overdose figures. And from the moment Reagan came in, the number of people dying from drugs went up week by week by week, because they were abandoning all the treatment programs... Eventually they refused to give me overdose death figures anymore. ... The [only] objective was, can you appeal to suburban voters who have this rational or irrational fear about their children smoking marijuana? And that is what you want to appeal to."